Slip Trip Fall Prevention

Published on May 2016 | Categories: Documents | Downloads: 48 | Comments: 0 | Views: 252
of 9
Download PDF   Embed   Report

Comments

Content

Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls
PRESENTATION NOTES
PURPOSE
The purpose of the American Red Cross Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls presentation is to give individuals an introduction to the knowledge necessary to identify and reduce the risk of slips, trips, and falls.

PREREQUISITES
There are no prerequisites for enrolling in the Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls presentation.

LENGTH
The Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls presentation is designed to be taught in approximately 1 hour. The presentation can be presented as an add-on to any course or it can be presented as a stand-alone session. The estimate of 1 hour is based on up to 25 participants per leader.

MATERIALS
For the Leader American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Leader’s Guide American Red Cross Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls Booklet (StayWell Stock No. 656713) Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls PowerPoint Presentation slides (optional) For the Participants American Red Cross Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls Booklet (StayWell Stock No. 656713) (one per participant)

CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
This presentation has no knowledge or skill assessments; therefore, there are no requirements for successful completion. Awarding Course Certificates Participants may be issued certificates using the Has Completed Universal Certificates indicating Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls. There is no validity period for the certificate.

PREPARATION FOR PARTICIPANTS’ QUESTIONS
Before beginning this lesson, be sure you are prepared to answer possible questions from participants. You may want to review the material on this topic at the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) Walking-Working Surfaces website: www.osha-slc.gov/SLTC/ smallbusiness/sec15.html (URL was correct at the time of publication).

American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Copyright © 2009 The American National Red Cross Duplication permitted for use in American Red Cross presentations.

1

The information presented in this presentation is general in nature, serves only as an introduction to the topic, and is not intended for compliance purposes. Participant questions should be directed to participants’ workplace health and safety office, supervisor, safety officer, wellness office, employee assistance program (EAP) professional, personal physician, or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS PRESENTATION OUTLINE
Topic
Introduction Facts and Associated Risks of Slips, Trips, and Falls How Safe Are You at Work? Reducing the Risks of Slips, Trips, and Falls Hazards and Remedies for Slips, Trips, and Falls Prevention Plan Closing Approximate Time 5 minutes 5 minutes 5 minutes 5 minutes 15 minutes 15 minutes 5 minutes 1 hour

Approximate Total Time

American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Copyright © 2009 The American National Red Cross Duplication permitted for use in American Red Cross presentations.

2

LESSON: PREVENTING SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS
Lesson Length 60 minutes Lesson Objectives After completing this lesson, participants should know— How safety awareness can help reduce their risk of slips, trips, or falls in the workplace. How to identify and correct unsafe conditions in the workplace. How to identify and correct unsafe behaviors in the workplace. How to maintain their balance when performing tasks to help prevent slips, trips, and falls. How to develop a prevention plan. Materials, Equipment, and Supplies Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls booklet (one for each participant) Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls PowerPoint Presentation (optional) Universal Certificate indicating Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls (one for each participant) Course Record Course Record Addendum American Red Cross identification, name tags or name tents Pens or pencils Laptop and LCD projector (optional) Newsprint and markers

TOPIC: INTRODUCTION
Length: 5 minutes

ACTIVITY:
Welcome participants, briefly introduce yourself, and give your background. Identify yourself as an American Red Cross leader. Have participants briefly introduce themselves. Ask them to write their names on name tags or name tents and display them where they can be seen. Review any facility policies and procedures, including emergency procedures; locations of restrooms, water fountains, and break areas; and smoking policies. Ask participants to print their full names and addresses on the Course Record Addendum. Distribute the Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls booklets before participants arrive. Inform participants that these booklets are theirs to keep. Briefly review the booklet. Explain that participants will use this booklet for various activities during the presentation. Leader Note: Use optional PPT slide 2 or write the presentation purpose on newsprint.

American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Copyright © 2009 The American National Red Cross Duplication permitted for use in American Red Cross presentations.

3

KEY POINTS:
The purpose of the American Red Cross Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls presentation is to give individuals in the workplace an introduction to the knowledge necessary to identify and reduce the risks of slips, trips, and falls. An American Red Cross Universal Certificate indicating that the participant has completed Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls will be issued at the end of this presentation. It has no expiration date. The Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls presentation contains awareness information and is not intended to substitute for worksite health and safety training, policies, or procedures. Participants should consult with their worksite health and safety office, supervisor, safety officer, wellness office, EAP professional, personal physician, or OSHA for specific advice or recommendations for their individual situations. Leader Note: Participants may ask you for medical advice. Participants may also ask you to assess an existing injury or recommend specific strategies for treating their injury. Such questions are beyond the purpose of this lesson, which focuses on awareness. For such questions, refer participants to their worksite health and safety office, supervisor, safety officer, wellness office, EAP professional, personal physician, or OSHA for more individualized, detailed information.

ACTIVITY:
Ask participants the following questions: o Have you witnessed any type of slip, trip, or fall in the workplace? o Do you think you may be at risk of slipping, tripping, or falling in the workplace? o How serious a slip, trip, or fall problem do you believe may exist at your workplace?

TOPIC: FACTS AND ASSOCIATED RISKS OF SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS
Length: 5 minutes Leader Note: Use optional PPT slide 3 or write the information on newsprint.

KEY POINTS:
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor statistics (1998)— o Slips, trips, and falls in private industry accounted for approximately 20 percent of all nonfatal occupational injuries involving days away from work. Slips, trips, and falls ranked third, after injuries from contact with objects and equipment, and cases involving occupational overexertion. o Approximately 10 percent of fatal occupational injuries for all industries were attributed to falls from a height. o Slips, trips, and falls are one of the leading causes of accidents in the workplace, accounting for at least 20 percent of all workers’ compensation claims. Leader Note: Write the following on newsprint as you discuss the information with participants.
American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Copyright © 2009 The American National Red Cross Duplication permitted for use in American Red Cross presentations.

4

Causes for workplace slips, trips, and falls include— o A lack of safety awareness. o Unsafe conditions. o Unsafe behaviors.

TOPIC: HOW SAFE ARE YOU AT WORK?
Length: 5 minutes

ACTIVITY:
Leader Note: Use optional PPT slide 4 or write the numbers 1-15 down the left side of a sheet of newsprint. After 3 minutes, ask each question and have participants raise their hands if they checked the corresponding space. Count and record the number of checked responses for each question. Once you finish the list, circle or highlight the five least-checked responses. Discuss these with the class. Leader Note: You will use the five least-checked responses later, when participants complete the “Prevention Plan” activity. Tell participants that the next activity will help them to think about ways to increase their safety awareness.

TOPIC: REDUCING THE RISKS OF SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS
Length: 5 minutes

ACTIVITY:
Refer participants to pages 8-10, “More Things You Can Do,” in the booklet. Ask participants to think of ways they can increase their awareness and help reduce the risks of slips, trips, and falls. For example, they could stay focused on what they are doing (i.e., not become distracted). List their ideas on newsprint, and add any booklet examples that were not identified by participants. Leader Note: Ways to help reduce the risks of slips, trips, and falls include the following: o o o o o Staying alert and aware of your surroundings Getting plenty of rest Managing stress Avoiding alcohol and drugs Taking appropriate work breaks

Ask participants for safe ways to perform tasks that require them to move from one place to another. Record their answers on newsprint. Leader Note: Examples may include— o Being careful to look where you are going. (Suggest that everyone should have their eyes tested regularly and, if needed, wear corrective lenses.)
American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Copyright © 2009 The American National Red Cross Duplication permitted for use in American Red Cross presentations.

5

o Using one hand (all your fingers and thumb) to firmly grip railings when you are climbing or walking down stairs. o Taking shorter steps, with your knees slightly bent, and pushing off with your forward foot to increase traction. o Carrying items close to your body. o Not obstructing your line of sight. o Maintaining your center of balance by not reaching too far.

TOPIC: HAZARDS AND REMEDIES FOR SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS
Length: 15 minutes

KEY POINTS:
Unsafe conditions and behaviors cause slips, trips, and falls, resulting in workplace accidents and injuries. Preventing slips, trips, and falls requires becoming aware and looking out for unsafe conditions and behaviors.

ACTIVITY:
Divide a newsprint page vertically into two categories: Write “Workplace Hazards” at the top of the first column and list the hazards (see the next page for this list). Write “Remedies” at the top of the other column and leave it blank. Have them work in groups of 3 to 5 participants, and have each group designate a spokesperson. After 5 minutes, randomly call on the groups to help complete the “Remedies” column on the newsprint. Leader Note: The remedies are listed under each workplace hazard: Workplace Hazards

Wet Surfaces
Slippery floors Walking rapidly, or not paying attention to the surface you are walking on

Clean Up/Fix/Report Problems
Quickly clean up or place absorbent materials on the spill, or report it immediately. Clearly mark the area with signs. Apply slip-resistant coatings or strips to slippery floors. Slow down, shorten your stride, and walk with your toes slightly pointed outward to increase your base of support.

Uneven Surfaces
Any change in surface area, such as grass to concrete or wooden floor to carpet Worn carpeting, loose floor boards, or weak stairs and railings

American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Copyright © 2009 The American National Red Cross Duplication permitted for use in American Red Cross presentations.

6

Mark or Fix Surfaces
Add color contrast and signs to mark the changes in surface areas. Repair or report loose surface problems.

Poor Lighting
Poorly lit areas

Be Careful
Change or report burned-out light bulbs to the appropriate person. Pay particular attention to areas that are often poorly lit such as stairways, loading docks, and parking lots.

Bad Weather
Rain, ice, snow, or mud on a parking lot, sidewalk, or loading dock

Wear the Right Shoes
Wear slip-resistant shoes appropriate for the weather and the surface you are walking on. Report any problem areas, such as icy sidewalks or entrances. Leader Note: Ask participants to turn to page 6 in the booklet for shoe selection information. Discuss each type of shoe sole and its appropriate use in the workplace.

Wrong Tools for the Job
Not using the proper tools or equipment (for example, using a chair or ladder that is too short instead of using the right ladder, or not using proper lifting or safety equipment)

Use the Right Tools for the Job
Take the time to find and use the correct-size ladder and safety nets and other safety equipment. Never stand on the top rung of a ladder. Follow your workplace safety procedures.

Poor Housekeeping
Dangerous clutter, such as boxes, electrical cords, rope, briefcases, file drawers, and tools on the floor

Clean Clutter
Make sure the floor is kept free of anything that could injure someone. Suggest to your supervisor that employees be assigned to “clutter control” on a rotating basis.

Big Loads
Carrying a load that is too big, too heavy, or too bulky to be carried safely Carrying a load that makes you feel off balance or prevents you from seeing directly in front of you

American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Copyright © 2009 The American National Red Cross Duplication permitted for use in American Red Cross presentations.

7

Carry Smaller Loads
Use a cart or a hand truck. Keep one hand free for balance, especially when using stairs or walking across slippery surfaces. If possible, take the elevator instead of stairs when carrying a load.

Not Enough Time
Being in a hurry

Slow Down
Take smaller steps. Make wide turns on slippery surfaces.

TOPIC: PREVENTION PLAN
Length: 15 minutes Leader Note: Begin by reminding participants of the five least-checked responses in the previously completed “How Safe Are You at Work?” activity.

ACTIVITY:
Have them work in groups of 3 to 5 participants, and have each group designate a spokesperson. Assign each group one of the five least-checked responses from the “How Safe Are You at Work?” activity. Explain that you would like each group to create a prevention plan. After 5 minutes, reconvene the class. Have the spokespersons present their prevention plan ideas. On newsprint or on optional PPT slide 5, compile a summary of prevention statements that address each of the assigned responses.

TOPIC: CLOSING
Length: 5 minutes Ask participants to write, near the bottom of the self-assessment page, one general prevention statement (about safety awareness, behaviors, or condition) that is applicable to their individual job responsibilities and has direct relevance to the safety topics discussed today. After 2 minutes, ask a few participants to share their statements with the class. Thank participants for attending, and encourage them to work closely with co-workers and supervisors to make their worksite safer and to make safety their personal responsibility. Remind participants that the American Red Cross Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls presentation contains awareness information and is not intended to substitute for worksite health and safety training, policies, or procedures. Participants should consult with their worksite health and safety office, supervisor, safety officer, wellness office, EAP professional, personal physician, or OSHA for specific advice or recommendations for their individual situations.
American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Copyright © 2009 The American National Red Cross Duplication permitted for use in American Red Cross presentations.

8

Suggest your local Red Cross as an option for additional awareness training on workplace safety, such as Ergonomics; Preventing Back Injuries; Workplace Violence Awareness; Managing Stress; Your Heart Matters; and other health and safety programs and courses. Issue an American Red Cross Universal Certificate indicating Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls to each participant who has successfully completed the presentation. Answer any participant questions.

American Red Cross Injury Control Presentations Copyright © 2009 The American National Red Cross Duplication permitted for use in American Red Cross presentations.

9

Sponsor Documents

Or use your account on DocShare.tips

Hide

Forgot your password?

Or register your new account on DocShare.tips

Hide

Lost your password? Please enter your email address. You will receive a link to create a new password.

Back to log-in

Close