Syllabus Automobile engineering

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ANNA UNIVERSITY COIMBATORE CURRICULUM & SYLLABUS – REGULATION 2008 B.E. AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING SEMESTER-5 Code no. Course title THEORY AUTOMOTIVE TRANSMISSIONS FUEL AND LUBRICANTS AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS 3 3 3 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 100 100 100 100 100 100 3 3 3 4 3 4 L T P M C

DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS 3 (Common for Mechanical and Automobile Engineering) MECHANICS OF ROAD VEHICLES 3

HYDRAULIC & PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS 3 (Common for Mechanical and Automobile Engineering) PRACTICALS FUELS AND ENGINE TESTING LAB AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS LAB KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS LAB SEMESTER-6 Code no. Course title THEORY FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS 3 (Common for Mechanical and Automobile Engineering) DESIGN OF CHASSIS SYSTEMS VEHICLE DYNAMICS IC ENGINE DESIGN TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT ECONOMICS & FINANCE (Common for Mechanical, Automobile and Metallurgy Engineering) PRACTICALS VEHICLE PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS LAB SIMULATION & ANALYSIS LABORATORY VEHICLE MAINTENANCE LABORATORY AND MINI PROJECT COMPREHENSION LABORATORY AND MINI PROJECT 2 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 3 L 0 0 0

0 0 0

3 3 3

100 100 100

1.5 1.5 1.5

T

P

M

C

2 1 1 1 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

100 100 100 100 100 100

4 4 4 4 3 3

2 0

0 3 3

100 100 100 100

3 1.5 1.5 2

0

4

1

SEMESTER-7

Code No.

Course title THEORY BUSINESS CONCEPTS (Common for Mechanical, Automobile and Metallurgy Engineering)

L

T

P

M

C

3 3 0 0 100 3 3 3 3 3

TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT 3 (Common for Mechanical and Automobile Engineering) AUTOMOTIVE EMBEDDED SYSTEMS AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION CONTROL ELECTIVE – I ELECTIVE – II PRACTICALS DESIGN AND ANALYSIS LABORATORY AUTOMOTIVE EMBEDDED SYSTEMS LAB PROJECT PHASE –I ELECTIVES - SEMESTER 7 Code no. Course title COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS SENSORS AND ACTUATORS AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS ADVANCED THEORY OF IC ENGINES AUTOMOTIVE AERODYNAMICS AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURE & ASSEMBLY TOOL DESIGN TWO AND THREE WHEELERS L 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 3 3 3 3

1 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

100 100 100 100 100

0 0 0

3 3 6

100 100 100

1.5 1.5 1.5

T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

M 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

C 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

COMPOSITE MATERIALS 3 (Common for Mechanical and Automobile Engineering) MODELING AND SIMULATION OF IC ENGINES INTELLIGENT VEHICLE TTECHNOLOGY VEHICLE BODY ENGINEERING SPECIAL VEHICLES AUTOMOTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS 3 3 3 3 3

2

SEMESTER-8 Code No. Course title THEORY ELCTRIC HYBRID AND FUEL CELL VEHICLES ELECTIVE –III ELECTIVE –IV PROJECT Work 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 100 100 100 100 3 3 3 3 L T P M C

ELECTIVES – Semester - 8 Code no. Course title OFF ROAD VEHICLES ALTERNATE FUELS AND ENERGY SYSTEMS AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENT MANUFACTURING PROCESS FLEXIBLE AND LEAN MANUFACTURING AUTOMOTIVE INSTRUMENTATION NANO TECHNOLOGY COMBUSTION AND HEAT TRANSFER AUTOMOTIVE AIR CONDITIONING INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH L 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 M 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 C 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

3

SEMESTER V DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS (Common for Mechanical and Automobile Engineering) 3 2 0 100

UNIT I STEADY AND VARIABLE STRESSES 9 Introduction to the design process - factor influencing machine design, selection of materials based on mechanical properties, Fits and Tolerances, Preferred numbers – Direct, Bending and torsional stress equations – Impact and shock loading – calculation of principle stresses for various load combinations, eccentric loading – Design of curved beams – crane hook and ‘C’ frame - Factor of safety - theories of failure – stress concentration – design for variable loading – Soderberg, Goodman and Gerber relations. UNIT II DESIGN OF SHAFTS AND COUPLINGS 9 Design of solid and hollow shafts based on strength, rigidity and critical speed – Design of keys and key ways - Design of rigid and flexible couplings – Introduction to gear and shock absorbing couplings - design of knuckle joints. UNIT III DESIGN OF FASTNERS AND WELDED JOINTS 9 Threaded fastners - Design of bolted joints including eccentric loading – Design of welded joints for pressure vessels and structures - theory of bonded joints. (Riveted joints - self study) UNIT IV DESIGN OF SPRINGS AND LEVERS 9 Design of helical, leaf, disc and torsional springs under constant loads and varying loads – Concentric torsion springs - Belleville springs – Design of Levers UNIT V DESIGN OF BEARINGS AND FLYWHEELS 9 Design of bearings – sliding contact and rolling contact types. – Cubic mean load – Design of journal bearings – Mckees equation – Lubrication in journal bearings – calculation of bearing dimensions – Design of flywheels involving stresses in rim and arm. Note: (Use of P S G Design Data Book is permitted in the University examination) LECTURE TUTORIAL TOTAL

: : :

45 15 60

REFERENCES 1 Norton R.L, “Design of Machinery”, Tata McGraw-Hill Book Co, 2004. 2 Orthwein W, “Machine Component Design”, Jaico Publishing Co, 2003. 3 Ugural A.C, “Mechanical Design – An Integral Approach, McGraw-Hill Book Co, 2004. 4 Spotts M.F., Shoup T.E “Design and Machine Elements” Pearson Education, 2004. STANDARDS 1 IS 10260: Part 1: 1982 Terms, definitions and classification of Plain bearings Part 1: Construction. 2 IS 10260: Part 1: 1982 Terms, definitions and classification of Plain bearings Part 2: Friction and Wear. 3 IS 10260 : Part 1 : 1982 Terms, definitions and classification of Plain bearings Part 3 : Lubrication

4

SUBJECT CODE

FUELS AND LUBRICANTS

L 3

T

P

M

C 3 9

UNIT I

UNIT II

UNIT III

UNIT IV

UNIT V

FUEL STANDARDS :SI engine and flame propagation and mechanism of combustion – normal combustion – knocking-octane rating –fuel requirements. CI engine and mechanism of combustion – diesel detonationoctane rating –fuel requirements. Additive –mechanism, requirements of an additive , petrol and diesel fuel additives-specification of fuels PROPERTIES AND TESTING OF FUELS :Thermo-chemistry of fuelsproperties and testing of fuels- relative density- calorific value and distillation-vapor pressur-flash point-fire point- aniline point- viscosity –pour point –flammability-ignitability- diesel index –API gravity THEORY OF LUBRICATION AND LUBRICANTS: Engine friction fundamentals-influence of engine variable on friction-hydrodynamic and elasto hydrodynamic lubrication-boundary lubrication-bearing lubricationfunctions of the lubrication system –basics of lubrication design system ALCOHOLS AND GASEOUS FUELS: Various alcohols as fuels. Performance in SI and CI engines, methanol and gasoline blends, combustion characteristics and emission characteristics. Availability of CNG, properties, modification required to use in engines, performance and emission characteristics of CNG and LPG.) BIO-FUELS: Various vegetable oils for engines, esterification, performance in engines, performance and emission characteristics, biodiesel and its characteristics.

9

9

11

7

Text Books 1. Richard L.Bechfold, “Alternative Fuels Guide Book”, SAE International, Warrendale, 1997. 2. “Automobiles and pollution” SAE Transaction, 1995. LECTURE : TUTORIAL : TOTAL : REFERENCES: 1. “Alcohols as motor fuels progress in technology”, Series No.19, SAE Publication, USA, 1980.“Proceedings of the International Conference on Automotive and Fuel Technology”, SAE INDIA, 2004 45 45

5

SUBJECT CODE

AUTOMOTIVE TRANSMISSION

L 3

T

P

M

C 3

UNIT I

CLUTCH: 7

Role - positive and gradually engaged types - types of clutches, single plate clutch, coil spring type and diaphragm spring type, multiple plate clutch, centrifugal clutch, calculation of torque transmission, over running clutch.

UNIT II

GEAR BOX AND AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION: 11

Need for a gearbox, types of gear boxes, sliding mesh, constant mesh and synchromesh gear boxes, calculation of gear ratios, epicyclical gearboxes, overdrives, transfer case auxiliary gearbox, gear shifting mechanisms. Need for fluid coupling and torque converters, Borg Warner type, control mechanisms, limitations. Transmission Electronics, Automatic Manual Transmission.

UNIT III DRIVE LINE AND AXLES: Chain drive, propeller shaft drive, torque reaction and drive thrust , Hotchkiss drive, Torque tube drive, universal joints, trunnion type, ring type, flexible disc type, constant velocity joint type, swinging arm drives. Live and dead axles, front axle and its types, stub axle and its types, rear axle and its types, fully floating, semi- floating and three quarter floating axles, two speed axles, twin axles, swing axles 11

UNIT IV

FINAL DRIVE AND DIFFERENTIAL: 7

Need for final drive and differential, types of final drives, single reduction and double reduction final drives, differential and its types, conventional and non-slip differentials, differential lock, Inter axle differential transaxle types. UNIT V HYDROSTATIC DRIVES AND ELECTRICAL DRIVES:

Advantages and disadvantages –principles of hydrostatic drive systems, construction and working of typical hydrostatic drives, Advantages and limitations -principles of ward Leonard system of control , modern electric drives for buses and performance characteristics. Lecture : TUTORIAL : TOTAL :

9

45 45

6

TEXT BOOK 1. 2 Newton and Steeds, " Motor vehicles ", llliffe Publishers, 1985.Heldt.P.M., " Torque converters ", Chilton Book Co., 1992. Gisbert Lencher Automotive Transmissions , Fundamentals selection , design and application SAE publicastions Springer publication

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2 3 4 Judge.A.W., " Modern Transmission systems ", Chapman and Hall Ltd., 1990. Heldt.P.M., " Torque converters ", Chilton Book Co., 1999 " Hydrostatic transmissions for vehicle applications ", I Mech E Conference, 1981-88. Crouse. W.H., Anglin., D.L., " Automotive Transmission and Power Trains construction ".

7

SUBJECT CODE

MECHANICS OF ROAD VEHICLE

L 3

T 1

P

M

C 4

UNIT I

FORCE ANALYSIS

12

Applied and Constraint Forces - Free body diagrams - Static Equilibrium conditions - two, three and four force members - Static force analysis in simple mechanisms - Dynamic force analysis - Inertia force and Inertia torque - D.Alemberts principle - The principle of superposition - Dyanamic Analysis in Reciprocating Engines GasForces - Equivalent masses - Bearing loads - Crank shaft Torque - Turning moment diagrams - Fly wheels - Engine shaking Forces - Cam dynamics - Analysis of Rigid and Elastic body cam system - Unbalance, Spring, Surge and Windup

UNIT II

BALANCING 8

Static and dynamic balancing - Balancing of rotating masses - Balancing a single cylinder Engine Balancing Multi-cylinder Engines - Partial balancing in locomotive Engines Balancing linkages - balancing machines

UNIT III

CONTROL MECHANISMS: 9

Governors - Types - Centrifugal governors - Gravity controlled and spring controlled centrifugal governors - Characteristics - Effect of friction - Controlling Force other Governor mechanisms. Gyroscopes - Gyroscopic forces and Torques - Gyroscopic stabilization - Gyroscopic effects in Automobiles, ships and airplanes - Introduction to Automatic Controls

UNIT IV

VEHICLE STABILITY ANALYSIS: 8

Calculation of equivalent weight- distribution of weight- stability of a vehicle on a slopecalculation for maximum acceleration –maximum tractive effort and reactions for different drive-dynamics of a vehicle running on a banked track-stability whicle cornering

UNIT V

SINGLE VEHICLE BRAKING MECHANICS : 7

Static and dynamic axle loads- Optimum braking forces-comparison of optimum and actual braking forces – tire road friction utilization- braking efficiency – braking dynamics while cornering

8

Text Books 1.. Shigley J.E. and Uicker J.J., " Theory of Machines and Mechanisms ", McGraw Hill, Inc., 1995 2. N.K.Giri ‘Problems in Automobile Mechanics’ Khanna 3. Rudolf Limpert Brake design and safety, 2nd edition SAE 1999 Publishers 1992

LECTURE : TUTORIAL : TOTAL : REFERENCES: 1. 2 3 Thomas Bevan, " Theory of Machines ", CBS Publishers and Distributors, 1984

45 15 45

Ghosh A. and Mallick A.K., " Theory of Mechanisms and Machines ", Affiliated East-West Press Pvt.Ltd., New Delhi, 1988. Rattan S.S., " Theory of Machines ", Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd.,New Delhi, 1994. Rao J.S. and Dukkipati R.V., " Mechanism and Machine Theory ", Wiley-EasternLimited, New Delhi, 1992. John Hannah and Stephens R.C., " Mechanics of Machines ", Viva low-Priced Student Edition, 1999

4 5

9

HYDRAULICS AND PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS ( Common for Mechanical and Automobile Engineering )

3

1

0

100

UNIT I FLUID POWER SYSTEMS AND FUNDAMENTALS 9 Introduction to fluid power, Advantages of fluid power, Application of fluid power system. Types of fluid power systems, Properties of hydraulic fluids – General types of fluids – Fluid power symbols. Basics of Hydraulics-Applications of Pascals Law- Laminar and Turbulent flow – Reynold’s number – Darcy’s equation – Losses in pipe, valves and fittings. UNIT II HYDRAULIC SYSTEM AND COMPONENTS 9 Sources of Hydraulic Power: Pumping theory – Pump classification – Gear pump, Vane Pump, piston pump, construction and working of pumps – pump performance – Variable displacement pumps. Fluid Power Actuators: Linear hydraulic actuators – Types of hydraulic cylinders – Single acting, Double acting special cylinders like tandem, Rod less, Telescopic, Cushioning mechanism, Construction of double acting cylinder, Rotary actuators – Fluid motors, Gear, Vane and Piston motors. UNIT III DESIGN OF HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS 9 Construction of Control Components : Director control valve – 3/2 way valve – 4/2 way valve – Shuttle valve – check valve – pressure control valve – pressure reducing valve, sequence valve, Flow control valve – Fixed and adjustable, electrical control solenoid valves, Relays, ladder diagram. Accumulators and Intensifiers: Types of accumulators – Accumulators circuits, sizing of accumulators, intensifier – Applications of Intensifier – Intensifier circuit. UNIT IV PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS 9 Pneumatic Components: Properties of air – Compressors – Filter, Regulator, Lubricator Unit – Air control valves, Quick exhaust valves, pneumatic actuators. Fluid Power Circuit Design, Speed control circuits, synchronizing circuit, Penumo hydraulic circuit, Sequential circuit design for simple applications using cascade method. DESIGN OF PNEUMATIC CIRCUITS 9 Servo systems – Hydro Mechanical servo systems, Electro hydraulic servo systems and proportional valves. Fluidics – Introduction to fluidic devices, simple circuits, Introduction to Electro Hydraulic Pneumatic logic circuits, ladder diagrams, PLC applications in fluid power control. Fluid power circuits; failure and troubleshooting. LECTURE : 45 UNIT V

TOTAL

:

45

TEXT BOOKS 1 Anthony Esposito, “Fluid Power with Applications”, Pearson Education 2000 Majumdar S.R., “Oil Hydraulics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2000.

10

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 Majumdar S.R.,“Pneumatic systems – Principles and maintenance”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1995 2 3 4 5 Anthony Lal, “Oil hydraulics in the service of industry”, Allied publishers, 1982. Harry L. Stevart D.B, “Practical guide to fluid power”, Taraoeala sons and Port Ltd. Broadey, 1976 Michael J, Prinches and Ashby J. G, “Power Hydraulics”, Prentice Hall, 1989. Dudelyt, A. Pease and John T. Pippenger, “Basic Fluid Power”, Prentice Hall, 1987.

11

PRACTICALS FUELS AND ENGINE TESTING LAB S.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 NAME OF THE SUBJECT ASTM distillation apparatus Lubricant viscosity tests Determination of flash and fire point Aniline point tester Pour point tester Determination of fuel calorific value Engine tuning for performance improvement Mechanical and electrical system trouble shooting Engine vibration analysis using FFT analyzer Engine noise measurement and minimization

Text Book: 1. Giles.J.G., " Vehicle Operation and performance ", lliffe Books Ltd., London, 1989.

REFERENCE: 1 2 3 Crouse.W.H. and Anglin.D.L., " Motor Vehicle Inspection " McGraw Hill Book Co., 1978. Ganesan.V., " Internal Combustion engines ", Tata McGraw Hill Co., 1994. BIS Code Books. IS-10000 series, 1988

12

S.No 1 2 3 4 5

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS LAB Electrical Laboratory Experiments Testing of batteries and battery maintenance Testing of starting motors and generators Testing of regulators and cut – outs Diagnosis of ignition system faults Study of Automobile electrical wiring.

Electronics Laboratory 6 7 8 9 10 Study of rectifiers and filters Study of logic gates, adder and flip-flop Study of SCR and IC timer Interfacing A/D converter and simple data acquisition Micro controller programming and interfacing

13

S.No

KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS LAB KINEMATICS

1 2 3 4

Kinematics of four bar mechanisms - Slider Crank, Crank Rocker Mechanism. Kinematics of Universal Joints. Kinematics of Gears - Spur, Helical, Bevel, Worm. Kinematics of Gear trains - Simple, Compound, Epicyclic, Differential and Worm Wheel Reducers.

DYNAMICS 5 6 7 8 9 10 Turn table apparatus - Determination of M.I. Motorized Gryoscope - Verification of Laws. Connecting Rod and Flywheel - Determination of M.I. by oscillation. Transmission Systems Gear reducers - Determiantion of Transmission efficiency. Governors - Watts, Porter, Proell and Hartnell - Determination of Sensitivity, effort etc.

14

SEMESTER VI

FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (Common to Mechanical and Automobile Engineering)

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

8

Historical background – Relevance of FEA to design problems, Application to the continuum – Discretisation – Matrix approach, Matrix algebra – Gaussian elimination – Governing equations for continuum – Classical Techniques in FEM – Weighted residual method – Ritz method, Galerkin method

UNIT II

ONE DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS

12

Finite element modeling – Coordinates and shape functions – Potential energy approach– Element matrices and vectors – Assembly for global equations – Boundary conditions – Higher order elements - Shapes functions – Applications to axial loadings of rods – Extension to plane trusses – Bending of beams – Finite element formulation of stiffness matrix and load vectors – Assembly to Global equations –boundary conditions – Solutions and Post processing - Example Problems.

UNIT III

TWO DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS – SCALAR VARIABLE PROBLEMS

6

Finite element modeling – CST element – Element equations, Load vectors and boundary conditions – Assembly – Application to heat transfer - Examples

UNIT IV

TWO DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS – VECTOR VARIABLE PROBLEMS

10

Vector Variable problems – Elasticity equations – Plane Stress, Plane Strain and Axisymmetric problems – Formulation – element matrices – Assembly – boundary conditions and solutions Examples UNIT V ISOPARAMETRIC ELEMENTS FOR TWO DIMENSIONAL PROBLEMS 9

Natural coordinates, Iso parametric elements, Four node quadrilateral element– Shape functions – Element stiffness matrix and force vector – Numerical integration - Stiffness integration – Displacement and Stress calculations – Examples.

LECTURE TUTORIAL TOTAL

: : :

45 15 60

TEXT BOOKS 1 2 Chandrupatla T.R., and Belegundu A.D., “Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering”, Pearson Education 2002, 3rd Edition. Logan D.L., “A First course in the Finite Element Method”, Third Edition, Thomson Learning, 2002

15

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2 3 4 5 Rao S.S., “The Finite Element Method in Engineering”, Pergammon Press, 1989. David V Hutton “Fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis”2004. McGraw-Hill Int. Ed. Robert D.Cook., David.S, Malkucs Michael E Plesha, “Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis” 4 Ed. Wiley, 2003. Reddy J.N., “An Introduction to Finite Element Method”, McGraw-Hill International Student Edition, 1985 O.C.Zienkiewicz and R.L.Taylor, “The Finite Element Methods, Vol.1”, “The basic formulation and linear problems, Vol.1”, Butterworth Heineman, 5th Edition, 2000

16

DESIGN OF CHASSIS AND CHASSIS SYSTEMS

3

1

0

100

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO CHASSIS FRAME AND SUB-SYSTEMS 7 Types of vehicles – Classification of vehicles – conventional and off-highway vehicles – Multi axle vehicles - vehicle specifications - Different layouts of power plant with reference to location and drive - Types of frames – Frameless chassis - various forces acting on frames, different sections, materials, crash safety. Calculation of power required to propel a vehicle. UNIT II DESIGN OF STEERING AND SUSPENSION SYSTEM 10 Functions and requirements of steering system - conditions for true rolling of wheels – Ackerman and Davis steering mechanisms - roll centre and roll axis - Steering linkages steering kinematics - Steering geometry – steering angle and steering ratio – under steering and over steering –Calculation of steering wheel effort and pitman arm torque—design of pitman arm for equivalent stresses.. Need and role of suspension system - factors affecting ride quality - Types of suspension systems - kinematics of two and three axle suspension system – need and role of anti-roll bar – Design coil, leaf and torsion bar spring –Basics of pneumatic suspension and design- Basics of shock absorber design-empirical relationships UNIT III DESIGN OF PARALLEL AXIS GEARS AND GEAR BOXES 10 Gear tooth terminology - Speed ratio and number of teeth - Force analysis - Tooth stresses Dynamic effects - Fatigue strength - Factor of safety - Gear materials – Module and Face width - power rating calculations based on strength and wear considerations. Design of spur gear. Parallel axis Helical Gears – Pressure angle in the normal and transverse plane - Equivalent number of teeth - forces and stresses - Design of helical gears.-Sliding mesh gear box Constant mesh gear box – Synchromesh Gearbox – Transfer case – Two speed axles. UNIT IV DESIGN OF BEVEL AND WORM GEARS AND GEAR BOXES 8 Straight and spiral bevel gear tooth terminology - tooth forces and stresses - equivalent number of teeth - Design of straight tooth and spiral tooth bevel gears – Hypoid Gears. Worm Gear: Merits and demerits – terminology - Thermal capacity - materials - forces and stresses – efficiency – Design of single start and multi start worm gear pair. Design of single stage and multi stage final drive. UNIT V DESIGN OF BRAKES, WHEELS AND TYRES 10 Function, stopping time and distance, weight transfer during braking - Mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic brake actuating mechanisms – disc and drum brakes - design and analysis of brake shoes and friction pads. Design of drum brakes – Design of shoe brakes. Role of hand brake and its types. Types of wheels – spokes and rim types of wheels – alloy wheels – Wheel specification. Tire requirements, selection of tires, wheels and mountings – lateral force and friction coefficient, self aligning torque and caster offset, overturning moment, torque steer effects – Tire construction – Tube and tubeless tires – tread patterns and their effects – effects of under and over inflation. LECTURE : 45 TUTORIAL TOTAL : : 15 60

17

TEXT BOOKS 1 2 Reimpell J, Stoll. H, Betzler. J W, “The Automotive Chassis”, SAE International, Second Edition, 2001. Julian Happian-Smith, “An Introduction to Modern Vehicle Design”, Butterworth Heinemann Publishers, 2002

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2 3 4 5 Rudolf Limpert, “Brake Design and Safety”, SAE International, Second Edition, 1999. John Fenton, “Handbook of Automotive Power trains and Chassis Design”, Professional Engineering Publishing, 1998 Donald Bastow, Geofry Howard and John P.Whitehead “Car Suspension and Handling”, 4th edition, SAE2004. Giri N K, “Automobile Mechanics”, Khanna Publishers, 2006. Lukin R, Gasparyants G, Rodionov V, “Automobile Chassis Design and Calculations”, MIR Publishers, Moscow, 1989.

18

IC ENGINE DESIGN

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

8

Principles, design of engine based on vehicle characteristics, engine mounting and its types.

UNIT II

PISTON AND CONNECTING ROD

10

Calculation of gas forces, variation of gas forces, design of piston, calculation of side thrust, piston pin, piston rings, materials. Design principles of connecting rod, procedure, selection of cross section, materials

UNIT III

CRANKSHAFTAND VALVE ACTUATING MECHANISM

10

Determination of primary and secondary forces, balancing forces, calculation of rotating mass, location of mass, selection of materials. Design of crankpin, webs and shaft for centre crank shaft. Design of valves, valve springs, tappet. Cam design, cam profile generation, cam shaft design, rocker and rocker shaft design considerations, materials .

UNIT IV

DESIGN OF FLYWHEEL AND CLUTCH

10

Need and role of a flywheel – Types of flywheels - Materials - Turning moment diagram Determination of the mass of a flywheel for a given co-efficient of speed fluctuation - Stresses of rim flywheels - Design of hubs and arms of flywheel. Need and role and types of clutches – Design of single plate and multi plate clutches Electronic engine systems Design: Electronic fuel system requirements and design

UNIT V

DESIGN OF COOLING AND LUBRICATION SYSTEM

7

Principles of conductive, convective radiation heat transfer – basics of cooling system – Types of engine cooling systems and their places of usage - components design. Tribological characteristics of engine - fundamentals of lubrication system – Types of engine lubricating systems – Dry sump lubrication and applications - component design.

LECTURE TUTORIAL TOTAL TEXT BOOKS 1 Prabhu T J, “Design of Transmission Elements”, P R Lithographers, 2003.

: : :

45 15 60

Design of automotice engines A. Kolchin and V.Demidov 1984, Mir Publishers Moscow 2 Lichty, “IC Engines”, Kogakusha Co., Limited , Tokyo, 1986.

19

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2 3 4 5 Giles J G, “Engine Design”, Illiffee Books Ltd., London 1968 John Fenton., “Gasoline Engine analysis for CAD’, MEP, London 1986. Fred Scarfer & Richard Van Basshuysen, “Internal Combustion Engine” Handbook-Basic Components, Systems and Perspectives”, SAE2004. Hall, Allen S Holowenko, Alfred R Laughlin, Herman G, “Schaum’s Outline of Theory and Problems of Machine Design”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishers, 2002 Heldt P M, “High Speed Combustion Engines”, Oxford IBH Publishing Co., Calcutta, 1996.

20

VEHICLE DYNAMICS

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

10

Fundamentals of vibration, - Single, two, multi degrees of freedom systems - Derivation of equations of motion, influence coefficients, orthogonality principle, calculation of natural frequencies by Raleigh, Dunkerley, Holzer and matrix iteration methods, branched system, geared system.

UNIT II

PERFORMANCE MODE:

15

Acceleration - free body diagram of accelerating vehicle, maximum transferable tractive force, gradability, deceleration - maximum decelerating rates, stopping distance, maximum braking force, adhesion utilization - Straight line motion - aerodynamic forces and moments, viscosity effects -separation and its control - aerodynamic lift and its control - ground effect - profile for minimum drag.

UNIT III

RIDE MODE

10

Effects of damping the vibration, vibration absorbers, pitch and bounce motion, oscillation centers - active and semi active suspension - orthogonality of mode shapes, modal analysis, vehicle performance testing.

UNIT IV

HANDLING MODE

15

Tyres - mechanics, testing and modeling, vehicle control - low speed cornering and static steering -Ackerman steering geometry, steady-state cornering - steering factors, vehicle control parameters (under steer, neutral steer and over steer), steady state handling - lateral acceleration gain, characteristic speed, yaw velocity gain and critical speed - effect of braking on vehicle handling - constant radius testing - fish hook measurement testing

UNIT V

TIRES

10

Terminology and axis system- mechanics of force generation- tractive properties- cornering properties- camber thrust- aligning moment-combined braking and cornering- conicity and plysteer-. Tire vibrations

LECTURE TUTORIAL TOTAL TEXT BOOKS 1 2 Thomas D Gillespie, “Fundamentals of Vehicle dynamics”, SAE USA 1992 Maurice Olley, “Chassis Design – Principles and Analysis”, Bentley publishers

: : :

45 15 60

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2 Cole D E, “Elementary Vehicle Dynamics”, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, 1972. Wong J Y, “Theory of Ground Vehicles”, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1978

21

TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

12

Motor Vehicle Act: Short titles & definitions, Laws governing to use of motor vehicle & vehicle transport, Licensing of drivers & conductors, Registration of vehicle, State & interstate permits, Traffic rules, Signals & controls, Accidents, Causes & analysis, Liabilities & preventive measures, Design of road complex, Responsibility of driver, Public & public authorities, Offences, penalties & procedures, Different types of forms. Government administration structure, Personnel, Authorities & duties, Rules & regulations, Rules regarding construction of motor vehicles

UNIT II

INSURANCE

8

Insurance types & significance, Comprehensive, Third party insurance, Furnishing of particulars of vehicles involved in accident, Award of the claims tribunal, MACT (Motor Accident Claims Tribunal), Solatium Fund, Hit & Run case, Duty of driver in case of accident, Surveyor & Loss Assessor, Surveyor’s report

UNIT III

PASSENGER TRANSPORT OPERATION

10

Structure of passenger transport organizations, Typical depot layouts, requirements, Problems on fleet management, Fleet maintenance, Planning - Scheduling operation & control, personal & training-training for drivers & conductors, Public relations, Propaganda, publicity, passenger amenities, Advertisement work, Parcel traffic. Theory of fares, Basic principles of fare charging ,Differential rates for different types of services, Depreciation & debt charges, operation cost, Revenues, Economics & records.

UNIT IV

GOODS TRANSPORT OPERATION

7

Structure of goods transport organizations, scheduling of goods transport, Management Information System (MIS) in passenger / goods transport operation, storage & transportation of petroleum products UNIT V TAXATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 8

Objectives, Structure & methods of laving taxation, One time tax, Tax Exemption & tax renewal Traffic navigation, global positioning system

LECTURE TUTORIAL TOTAL TEXT BOOKS 1 Motor Vehicle Act - Govt. of India Publications. 2

: : :

45 0 45

Santosh Sharma, “Productivity in Road Transport”, 2nd Edition, Association of State Road Transport Undertakings, New Delhi.

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2 P.G.Patankar, “Road Passenger Transport in India”, CIRT, Pune. . Transport Development in India”, S. Chand & Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

22

ENGINEERING ECONOMICS AND FINANCE ( Common for Mechanical, Automobile and Metallurgy Engineering)

3

0 0 100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION TO ECONOMICS

8

Introduction to Economics- Flow in an economy, Law of supply and demand, Concept of Engineering Economics – Engineering efficiency, Economic efficiency, Scope of engineering economics - Elements of costs, Marginal cost, Marginal Revenue, Sunk cost, Opportunity cost, Break-even analysis- V ratio, Elementary economic Analysis – Material selection for product Design selection for a product, Process planning.

UNIT II

VALUE ENGINEERING

10

Make or buy decision, Value engineering – Function, aims, and Value engineering procedure. Interest formulae and their applications –Time value of money, Single payment compound amount factor, Single payment present worth factor, Equal payment series sinking fund factor, Equal payment series payment Present worth factor- equal payment series capital recovery factor-Uniform gradient series annual equivalent factor, Effective interest rate, Examples in all the methods.

UNIT III

CASH FLOW

9

Methods of comparison of alternatives – present worth method (Revenue dominated cash flow diagram), Future worth method (Revenue dominated cash flow diagram, cost dominated cash flow diagram), Annual equivalent method (Revenue dominated cash flow diagram, cost dominated cash flow diagram), rate of return method, Examples in all the methods

UNIT IV

REPLACEMENT AND MAINTENANCE ANALYSIS

9

Replacement and Maintenance analysis – Types of maintenance, types of replacement problem, determination of economic life of an asset, Replacement of an asset with a new asset – capital recovery with return and concept of challenger and defender, Simple probabilistic model for items which fail completely.

UNIT V

DEPRECIATION

9

Depreciation- Introduction, Straight line method of depreciation, declining balance method of depreciation-Sum of the years digits method of depreciation, sinking fund method of depreciation/ Annuity method of depreciation, service output method of depreciationEvaluation of public alternatives- introduction, Examples, Inflation adjusted decisions – procedure to adjust inflation, Examples on comparison of alternatives and determination of economic life of asset.

LECTURE TUTORIAL TOTAL

: : :

45 0 45

23

Text Book 1. Panneer Selvam, R, “Engineering Economics”, Prentice Hall of India Ltd, NewDelhi, 2001 REFERENCES: 1. Chan S.Park, “Contemporary Engineering Economics”, Prentice Hall of India, 2002 2. 3. 4. 5 Donald.G. Newman, Jerome.P.Lavelle, “Engineering Economics and analysis” Engg. Press, Texas, 2002 Degarmo, E.P., Sullivan, W.G and Canada, J.R, “Engineering Economy”, Macmillan, New York, 1984 Grant.E.L., Ireson.W.G., and Leavenworth, R.S, “Principles of Engineering Economy”, Ronald Press, New York,1976. Smith, G.W., “Engineering Economy”, Lowa State Press, Iowa, 1973.

24

PRACTICAL

VEHICLE PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS LAB LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

0

0

3

100

1. Computation of engine torque and power curve using engine model equations 2. Variation of tractive force with engine speed 3. Calculation and plotting the curves of Air and Rolling resistances. 4. Tractive force speed calculation for manual transmission 5. Acceleration and gradeability in different gears plotted for plotted for specifications 6. Driving force against vehicle speed 7. Braking deceleration with respect to applied braking forces 8. Determination of under-steer and over-steer behavior for various vehicle dynamic Parameters 9. Traction limited vehicle performance 10. Roll centre and roll axis analysis for different suspension configuration. References: 1. Lichty. " IC Engines ", Kogakusha Co.Ltd., Tokyo, 1991. 2. Giri.N.K., " Automoblie Mechanics ", Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 1986. 3. Fundamentals of vehicle dynamics by Thomas Gillispie SAE bookstore 1992 Total No of periods : 45

25

SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS LAB LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Simulation and analysis of Steering system linkages Simulation and analysis of Rigid Axle Suspension system Simulation and analysis of Independent Suspension system Simulation and analysis of hydraulic brake system Simulation and analysis of air brake system Simulation of steady cornering characteristics of vehicle Modeling of tires and analysis of cornering characteristics Roll stability and Rollover threshold analysis Simulation of a half car model for pitch and bounce

0

0

3

100

10. Simulation of Quarter car model for sprung mass response for road inputs References: 1. Cole, D., Elementary Vehicle Dynamics, course note in Mechanical Engineering, the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI, 1972. 2. Wong, J.C., Theory of Ground Vehicle, john Wiley & Sons, New York, 1978. 3. Brake design and Safety .2nd edition Rudolf Limpert , SAE publications 1999 4. Numerical Computing with Simulink: Creating Simulations Vol:1 Richard Gran SIAM, 2007

Total No of periods

:

45

26

VEHICLE MAINTENANCE LABORATORY LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

0

0

3

100

Study and layout of an automobile repair, service and maintenance shop. Study and preparation of different statements / records required for the repair and maintenance works. Wheel alignment. Minor and major tune up of gasoline and diesel engines. Fault diagnosis in electrical ignition system, gasoline fuel system, diesel fuel system and rectification. Study of the faults in the electrical systems such as Head lights, Side or Parking lights, , Electric horn system, Windscreen wiper system, Starter system and Charging system. Fuel filters (both gasoline and diesel engines) and air cleaners (dry and wet) maintenance

7.

8.Adjustment of pedal play in clutch, brake, hand brake lever and steering wheel play 9.Adjustment of head lights beam 10.Pratice the following: a. Air bleeding from hydraulic brakes, air bleeding of diesel fuel system b. Wheel bearings tightening and adjustment c. Removal and fitting of tyre and tube. References: 1. Service Manuals of reputed vehicles 2. " Automotive Trouble shooting and Maintenance ", by Anderson Ashburn. McGraw-Hill Book Company (1990) 3. A practical approach to Motor vehicle engineering and maintenance By Allan Bonnick & Derek Newbold . Elsevier Publications 2005 Total No of periods : 45

.

27

SEMESTER VII

TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (Common to Mechanical and Automobile Engineering)

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

5

Definitions of the terms - quality, quality planning, quality control, quality assurance, quality management, Total Quality Management (TQM) as per ISO 8402 - overview on TQM - The TQM axioms - Commitment - Scientific knowledge - Involvement - Consequences of total quality.

UNIT II

THE DEMING APPROACH TO TQM & JURAN ON QUALITY

10

THE DEMING APPROACH TO TQM: Deming's fourteen points on quality management - five DDs - implementing the Deming philosophy - action plan - the Deming cycle - questions and opinions of Deming. JURAN ON QUALITY: Developing a habit of quality - Juran quality trilogy - the universal break through sequence - comparison Juran and Deming approaches.

UNIT III

CROSBY AND THE QUALITY TREATMENT & KAIZEN

12

CROSBY AND THE QUALITY TREATMENT: Crosby's diagnosis of a troubled company - Crosby's quality vaccine - Crosby's absolutes for quality management - Crosby's fourteen steps for quality improvement. KAIZEN: Meaning - Kaizen and innovation - the Kaizen management practices - total quality control (TQC) - approaches of Faigenbaum, Ishikawa - Kaizen and TQC - Kanban systems small group activities - quality control circles - suggestion systems - comparison of Kaizen and Deming's approach.

UNIT IV

SUPPORTING TOOLS, ACTIVITIES AND TECHNIQUES IN TQM PROJECTS

7

Affinity diagram - bar chart - block diagram - brainstorming - cause and effect analysis customer-supplier relationship checklist - decision analysis - flow charts - force field analysis line graph/run charts - Pareto analysis - quality costing - Quality Function Deployment (QFD) quality project approach and the problem solving process.

UNIT V

STRATEGIC QUALITY MANAGEMENT

6

Integrating quality into strategic management - Quality and the management cycle Resources for Quality activities - Training for Quality - Self Managing Teams - Role of the Quality Director - Obstacles to achieving successful Strategic Quality Management. LECTURE TUTORIAL TOTAL : : : 45 0 45

28

TEXT BOOKS: 1 Logothetics N, "Managing for Total Quality - From Deming to Taguchi and SPC", Prentice Hall Ltd., New Delhi, 1997. 2 Juran J M and Gryna, F M, "Quality Planning and Analysis - From Product Development Through Use", Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Limited, New Delhi, 3rd Edition, 1995. REFERENCES: 1 Deming W E, " Out of the Crisis," MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1982. 2 3 4 Juran J M, Juran on " Leadership for Quality" - An Executive Handbook, The Free Press, New York, 1989. Salor J H, "TQM-FIeld Manual," McGraw Hill, New York, 1992. Crosby P B, " Quality is Free," McGraw Hill, New York, 1979.

29

AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRONICS AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS UNIT I ELECTRONICS IN THE AUTOMOBILE

3

1

0

100

12

Introduction- Body and convenience electronics: vehicle power supply controllers and lighting modules, door control modules, Safety electronics: active safety systems: ABS, ASR, ESP passive safety systems: Restraint systems and their associated sensors in an automobile. Powertrain Electronics: Gasoline engine management, Infotainment electronics: Dashboard/instrument cluster, car audio, telematic systems, navigation systems, multimedia systems, cross application technologies. 42V vehicle power supply system.

UNIT II

DRIVE-BY-WIRE

9

Challenges and opportunities of X-by-wire: system & design requirements, steer-by-wire, brake-by-wire, suspension-bypwire, gas-by-wire, power-by-wire, shift by wire. Future of Automotive Electronics

UNIT III

HARDWARE MODULES

9

MC9S12XD family features- Modes of operation- functional block diagram overviewprogramming model. Memory Map Overview Pulse Width Modulator (PWM) –On-chip ADCSerial Communication Protocol: SCI, SPI,IIC, CAN.

UNIT IV

SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT TOOLS

9

Introduction to HCS12XDT512 Student Learning Kit & PBMCU (Project Board) – Introduction to Code Warrior IDE- Editing-Debugging-Simulating simple programs. Flashing code into HCS12XDT512 SLK board and testing UNIT V INTEGERATION OF SOFTWARE & HARDWARE 6

Downloading the Software from Host Machine to Target Machine. Implementing application prototype: Power Window and Automotive Lighting System

LECTURE TUTORIAL TOTAL

: : :

45 0 45

TEXT BOOKS Semiconductors: Technical Information, Technologies and characteristic data, Publicis 1 Corporate Publishing 2nd revised and considerably enlarged edition, 2004, 2 Freescale MC9S12XDP512 datasheet 3 4 5 Ronald K Jurgen ,“Automotive Electronics Handbook” , McGraw Hill , 2000. Werner Klingenstein & Team, “Semiconductors: Technical Information, Technologies and Characteristic Data”, Publicis Corporate Publishing, 2nd edition, 2004 Ljubo Vlacic, Michel Parent & Furnio Harshima, “Intelligent Vehicle Technologies: Theory and Applications”, Butterworth-Heinemann publications, 2001.

30

REFERENCE BOOKS Arnold Berger, “Embedded System Design: An Introduction to Processes, Tools, and 1 Techniques” CMP Books, 2001. 2 David E Simon, “An Embedded Software Primer”, Pearson Education, Asia, 2001. 3 4 Wayne Wolf, “Computers as Components” Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2001 Code Warrior IDE Version 4.7

31

AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION AND CONTROL

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

9

Vehicle population assessment in metropolitan cities and contribution to pollution, effects on human health and environment, global warming, types of emission, transient operational effects on pollution.

UNIT II

POLLUTANT FORMATION IN SI ENGINES

9

Pollutant formation in SI Engines, mechanism of HC and CO formation in four stroke and two stroke SI engines, NOx formation in SI engines, effects of design and operating variables on emission formation, control of evaporative emission. Two stroke engine pollution.

UNIT III

POLLUTANT FORMATION IN CI ENGINES

9

Pollutant formation in CI engines, smoke and particulate emissions in CI engines, effects of design and operating variables on CI engine emissions. NOx formation and control. Noise pollution from automobiles, measurement and standards.

UNIT IV

CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SI AND CI ENGINES

9

Design of engine, optimum selection of operating variables for control of emissions, EGR, Thermal reactors, secondary air injection, catalytic converters, catalysts, fuel modifications, fuel cells, Two stroke engine pollution control. UNIT V MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES EMISSION STANDARDS AND TEST PROCEDURE 9

NDIR, FID, Chemiluminescent analyzers, Gas Chromatograph, smoke meters, emission standards, driving cycles – USA, Japan, Euro and India. Test procedures – ECE, FTP Tests. SHED Test – chassis dynamometers, dilution tunnels.

LECTURE TUTORIAL TOTAL

: : :

45 0 45

TEXT BOOKS 1 2 Paul Degobert – Automobiles and Pollution – SAE International ISBN-1-56091-563-3, 1991. Ganesan, V- “Internal Combustion Engines”- Tata McGraw-Hill Co.- 2003.

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2 3 SAE Transactions- “Vehicle Emission”- 1982 (3 volumes). Obert.E.F.- “Internal Combustion Engines”- 1988 Marco Nute- “ Emissions from two stroke engines, SAE Publication – 1998

32

PRACTICAL

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS LABORATORY ( Commercial FEA tools such as ANSYS can be used ) LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9)

0

0

3

100

Study of different commercial FEA tools used for design and analysis Stress analysis of Crankshaft Thermal analysis of cylinder liners Stress analysis of leaf spring Design and analysis of torsion bar Cam Profile analysis Stress analysis of composite body panels Design and analysis of piston crown Design and analysis of chassis frames

10) Modal analysis of Aerofoil profile References: 1) Auto Design by R. B. Gupta 2) Handbook of vehicle design by John Fenton Total No of periods : 45

33

PRACTICAL

EMBEDDED AND CONTROL SYSTEMS LABORATORY LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

0

0

3

100

1) Study of Automotive Microcontrollers (MC9S12XDT512) and its features. 2) Study of Code Warrior Integrated Development Environment (IDE) Version 4.7

3) Arithmetic and Logical operation implementation using S12X & IDE. 4) Design, Simulation and Prototype model of Dashboard ( Fuel Monitoring, Speed Indication, etc.,) 5) Design of Wiper Motor prototype using stepper motor. 6) Design of Power window & Sun roof control prototype using DC Motor. 7) Design of Radiator cooling system and climate control system prototype using temperature sensor CONTROL SYSTEM 8) Transfer Function of DC Shunt Motor 9) Transfer Function of AC Servomotor 10) Study of Synchros References: 1.Handbook of Automotive embedded system Nicolas Navet CRC press 2009 Total No of periods : 45

34

SEMESTER VIII ELECTRIC, HYBRID AND FUEL CELL VEHICLES 3 1 0 100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION AND ENERGY SOURCES

13

Electric, hybrid and fuel cell, air powerplants, requirements. Battery Basics, Lead-Acid Battery, Nickel-Cadmium Battery, Nickel-Metal-Hydride (NiMH) Battery, Li-Ion Battery, Zinc-Air Battery

UNIT II

ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES

9

Layout of an electric vehicle, advantage and limitations, specifications, system components, electronic control system, high energy and power density batteries, hybrid vehicle – types, merits and demerits Series and Parallel HEVS

UNIT III

FUEL CELLS & SOLAR CARS

8

Fuel cell, construction, working, governing equations, possible fuel sources, fuel reformer, design. Solar cars- photovoltaic cells, tracking, efficiency and cost comparison.

UNIT IV

DC AND AC ELECTRIC MACHINES

9

EV and HEV Motor Requirements, DC Machines, Three-Phase AC Machines, Power and Electromagnetic Torque, PM and SR machines. Voltage-Balance Equation, Torque-Speed Characteristics UNIT V DRIVETRAINS 6

EV Transmission Configurations, Transmission Components, EV Motor Sizing, Initial Acceleration, Rated Vehicle Velocity

LECTURE TOTAL

: :

45 45

TEXT BOOKS Mehrdad Ehsani, Yimin Gao, sebastien E. Gay and Ali Emadi, “Modern Electric, Hybrid 1 Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals, Theory and Design”, CRS Press, 2004. Ron Hodkinson and John Fenton, “Light Weight Electric/Hybrid Vehicle Design”, 2 Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001. Mathur L and Sharma R P, “Internal Combustion Engines” Dhanpat Rai Publications (P), 3 Ltd., 2002. 4 Keith owen and Trever Coley, “Automotive Fuels Reference Book”, SAE 1995. REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2 3 4 “Alcohols as Motor Fuels” Progress in Technology, SAE 1980. Ronald K Jurgen, “Electric and Hybrid – Electric Vehicles”, SAE, 2002. James Larminie and John Loury, “Electric Vehicle Technology-Explained”, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2003. Sandeep Dhameja, “Electric Vehicle Battery Systems”, Butterworth –Heinemann, 2002

35

ELECTIVE SUBJECTS AERODYNAMICS OF ROAD VEHICLES 3 1 0 100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

10

Scope, historical developments, fundamentals of fluid mechanics, flow phenomenon related to vehicles, external and Internal flow problem, resistance to vehicle motion, performance, fuel consumption and performance potential of vehicle aerodynamics, engine cooling requirement, air flow to passenger compartment, duct for air conditioning, cooling of transverse engine and rear engine.

UNIT II

AERODYNAMIC DRAG OF CARS

9

Cars as a bluff body, flow field around car, drag force, types of drag force, analysis of aerodynamic drag, drag coefficient of cars, strategies for aerodynamic development, low drag profiles.

UNIT III

SHAPE OPTIMIZATION OF CARS

9

Front end modification, front and rear wind shield angle, boat tailing, hatch back, fast back and square back, dust flow patterns at the rear, effects of gap configuration, effect of fasteners

UNIT IV

VEHICLE HANDLING

9

Origin of forces and moments on a vehicle, lateral stability problems, methods to calculate forces and moments – vehicle dynamics under side winds, the effects of forces and moments, characteristics of forces and moments, dirt accumulation on the vehicle, wind noise, drag reduction in commercial vehicles. UNIT V WIND TUNNELS FOR AUTOMOTIVE AERODYNAMICS 9

Introduction, principle of wind tunnel technology, limitation of simulation, stress with scale models, full scale wind tunnels, measurement techniques, equipment and transducers, road testing methods, numerical methods.

LECTURE TOTAL

: :

45 45

TEXT BOOKS 1 Hucho W H, “Aerodynamic of Road vehicles ", Butterworth Co. Ltd., 1997. Pope A, “Wind Tunnel Testing ", John Wiley & Sons, 2nd edition, New York, 1974. Automotive Aerodynamic: Update SP-706, SAE, 1987.

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2

36

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION & CENTRIFUGAL CLUTCHES AND FLUID COUPLING

10

INTRODUCTION: Principles of automatic transmission, advantages, limitations, main components of automatic transmission, hydraulic control system, pumps, automatic variable delivery pump. CENTRIFUGAL CLUTCHES AND FLUID COUPLING: Principle of centrifugal clutches, comparison between conventional and centrifugal clutches, centrifugal clutches used in two wheelers, principles of fluid coupling, principles of energy transfer, working fluid, requirements, fluid coupling characteristics, fluid coupling with conventional gear boxes.

UNIT II

AUTOMATIC OVER DRIVES

8

Over drives - over drive operations, going into over drive, coming out of over drive, locking out the over drive, advantages, WARNER automatic over drives, speed sensitive clutch, locking arrangements for sun gear, Planetary gear train, typical gear ratios, drawbacks of over drives, reverse lock up, over drive lubrication.

UNIT III

HYDRODYNAMIC TORQUE CONVERTERS

7

Introduction to torque converters, comparisons between fluid coupling and torque converters, performance characteristics, slip, principles of torque multiplication, 3 and 4 phase torque converters, typical hydrodynamic transmission.

UNIT IV

HYDROSTATIC DRIVES & TYPICAL AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS

12

HYDROSTATIC DRIVES: Principles of hydrostatic drives, different systems of hydrostatic drives, constant displacement pump and constant displacement motor, variable displacement pump and constant displacement motor and variable displacement motor, variable displacement pump and variable displacement motor, applications, plunger type pump and plunger type motor, advantages and limitations, typical hydrostatic drives, Janney hydrostatic drives, Nel Glasgow transmission-hydrostatic shunt drives. TYPICAL AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS: Automatic transmission systems, drive ranges, hydraulic control systems, selector lever, PNDLR drive ranges.

UNIT V

ELECTRIC DRIVES

8

Early Ward Leonard control system - main features, generator, merits, reverse motion, modified WARD LEONARD control system - main features, modifications. Modern electric drives - main features, advantages of electric drives, limitations of electric drive, variations of torque and speed with armature current Generator, motor, series motor, variations of efficiency with armature current.

LECTURE TOTAL

: :

45 45

37

TEXT BOOKS Jack Erjavec, “Automatic Transmissions”, Delmar Publishers,1st edition,2005. Tom Birch and Chnck Rockmood, “Automatic Transmissions and Transaxles”, Prentice 2 Hall,1st edition,2002. REFERENCE BOOKS 1 1 2 3 William Turney, “Automatic Transmissions and Transaxles”, Chek Chart Publishers,1997. Tucker H F, “Automatic Transmission”, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company,1980 Mathias F Brejeha, “Automatic Transmission”, Prentice Hall,1998.

38

AUTOMOTIVE AIR CONDITIONING

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

AIR CONDITIONING FUNDAMENTALS

10

Basic air conditioning system, location of air conditioning components in a car, schematic layout of a refrigeration system, compressor components, condenser and high pressure service ports, thermostatic expansion valve, expansion valve calibration, controlling evaporator temperature, evaporator pressure regulator, evaporator temperature regulator

UNIT II

AIR CONDITIONER - HEATING SYSTEM

9

Automotive heaters, manually controlled air conditioner, heater system, automatically controlled air conditioner and heater systems, automatic temperature control, air conditioning protection, engine protection.

UNIT III

REFRIGERANT

8

Containers handling refrigerants, tapping into the refrigerant container, refrigeration system diagnosis, diagnostic procedure, ambient conditions affecting system pressures.

UNIT IV

AIR ROUTING & TEMPERATURE CONTROL

9

Objectives, evaporator airflow through the recirculating unit, automatic temperature control, duct system, controlling flow, vacuum reserve, testing the air control and handling systems. UNIT V AIR CONDITIONING SERVICE 9

Air conditioner maintenance and service, servicing heater system removing and replacing components, trouble shooting of air controlling system, compressor service.

LECTURE

:

45

TOTAL

:

45

TEXT BOOKS William H Crouse and Donald L Anglin, "Automotive Air conditioning ", McGraw-Hill Inc., 1 1990. REFERENCE BOOKS Mitchell information Services, Inc, "Mitchell Automatic Heating and Air Conditioning 1 Systems ", Prentice Hall Ind., 1989. 2 Paul Weiser, “Automotive Airconditioning”, Reston Publishing Co Inc., 1990 3 4 MacDonald K L, "Automotive Air Conditioning ", Theodore Audel series, 1978. Goings L F, “Automotive Air Conditioning” , American Technical services, 1974.

39

MODELING AND SIMULATION COMBUSTION ENGINES

OF

INTERNAL

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION & COMBUSTION IN SI ENGINES

11

INTRODUCTION First law and second law analysis, governing equation, conservation of mass, momentum and energy. COMBUSTION IN SI ENGINES Combustion in premixed flames - stages of combustion, flame propagation, rate of pressure rise, cycle-to-cycle variation, abnormal combustion - theories, effect of engine operating variables on combustion.

UNIT II

COMBUSTION IN CI ENGINES

7

Combustion in diffusion flames - droplet and spray combustion theory, stages of combustion, delay period, peak pressure, heat release, gas temperature, diesel knock

UNIT III

MODELING OF IC ENGINES

10

Heat of reaction - Hrp & Urp calculations, adiabatic, constant volume combustion, constant pressure combustion, temperature drop due to fuel vaporization, adiabatic flame temperature, mean effective pressure, torque and thermal efficiency at full throttle, part throttle and supercharged conditions. Spray models, flow models and combustion models

UNIT IV

SIMULATION OF IC ENGINES

9

SI & CI engine simulation – air standard cycle, fuel-air cycle, progressive combustion cycle and actual cycle simulation – part throttle, full throttle and supercharged conditions UNIT V SIMULATION OF NEW ENGINE CONCEPTS 8

Dual fuel engine, low heat rejection engine, lean burn engine, variable compression ratio engine, homogeneously charged compression ignition engine, controlled auto ignition engine.

LECTURE

:

45

TOTAL

:

45

40

TEXT BOOKS Ganesan V, “Internal Combustion Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., New 1 Delhi - 2003. REFERENCE BOOKS Ganesan V, “Computer Simulation of spark ignition engine process“, Universities Press (I) Ltd, Hyderabad, 2001 Heywood J B, “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals” McGraw Hill Book Co., USA – 2001. Ganesan V, “Computer Simulation of compression ignition engine process”, University Press (I) Ltd, Hyderabad, 1996 Ramoss A L, "Modeling of Internal Combustion Engines Processes", McGraw Hill Publishing Co., 1992. Ashley Campbel, "Thermodynamic analysis of combustion engines", John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1986. Benson R S, whitehouse.N.D., "Internal Combustion Engines", Paragon Press, oxford, 1979. Ashley S Campbell, “Thermodynamic analysis of combustion engines”, John Wiley and sons, 1980

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

41

ADVANCED THEORY OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES UNIT I GAS EXCHANGE PROCESS

3

1

0

100

10

Inlet and exhaust process, volumetric efficiency, Quasi static effects, flow through valves, residual gas fraction, scavenging in two stroke cycle engines, flow through ports, supercharging and turbo charging – turbo lag.

UNIT II

THEORY OF COMBUSTION

10

Combustion reactions and stochiometry, heat of reaction, adiabatic flame temperature in constant pressure and constant volume systems, fuels for internal combustion engines and their properties, premixed and diffusion combustion as applicable to SI and CI engines, concepts of burning rate and flame velocity, fuel spray characteristics and combustion in diesel engines.

UNIT III

ADVANCED COMBUSTION ENGINES

9

Homogeneously charged compression ignition engines, controlled auto ignition, LHR engines, surface ignition concept and multi fuel engines, stratified charge and lean burn engines, performance and emission characteristics, merits and demerits.

UNIT IV

CONTROL OF ENGINE SYSTEMS

9

Introduction-software structure – engine knock and control ratio control- case study: idle speed control.

UNIT V

ENGINE HEAT TRANSFER

Modes of heat transfer- Heat transfer and engine energy balance- convective and radiative heat transfer –measurement of instantaneous heat transfer rates- thermal loading and component temperatures. LECTURE TOTAL TEXT BOOKS Heinz Heisler, “Advanced Engine Technology”, SAE 1995. Heywood J.B, “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals”, McGraw Hill Book Co., USA, 2 1995. REFERENCE BOOKS 1 2 3 4 5 6 Richard Stone, “Introduction to IC Engines”, 2nd edition, Macmilan, 1992 Robert Bosch “Automotive Hand book”, 5th edition, 2004. Richard Stone, “Introduction to IC Engines”, 2nd edition, Macmilan,1992 Obert E F, “Internal Combustion Engine analysis and Practice ", International Text Book Co., Scranton, Pennsylvania, 1988. Patent No. 20070261484, Engine misfire identification device for internal combustion engine and engine misfire identification method. Patent No. 20080006251, Internal combustion engine including a gas pressure container assigned to the cylinders, and method for operating. 1 : : 45 45

42

COMBUSTION AND HEAT TRANSFER

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

7

Combustion in premixed and diffusion flames, combustion process in IC Engines.

UNIT II

COMBUSTION IN SI ENGINES

9

Stages of combustion in SI Engines, flame propagation, rate of pressure rise, cycle to cycle variation, abnormal combustion. Theories of detonation, effect of engine operating variables on combustion.

UNIT III

COMBUSTION IN CI ENGINES

9

Droplet and spray combustion theory, stages of combustion, delay period, peak pressure, heat release, gas temperature, diesel Knock.

UNIT IV

HEAT TRANSFER IN IC ENGINES

10

Basic definitions, conductive heat transfer, convective heat transfer, radiative heat transfer. Temperature distribution and thermal stresses in piston, cylinder linear, cylinder head, fins and valves. Heat transfer correlations for engines. Fin design, radiators and oil coolers UNIT V EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES 10

Photographic studies of combustion processes, pressure-crank angle diagram in SI and CI engines. Temperature measurement in piston, cylinder liner, cylinder head and engine valves. In cylinder flow measurement techniques. LECTURE : 45

TOTAL

:

45

TEXT BOOKS Heywood J B, “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals”, McGraw Hill Book Co., USA, 1 1995. Ganesan V, “Internal Combustion Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., New 2 Delhi, 2003. REFERENCE BOOKS Spalding D B, “Some Fundamentals of Combustion”, Butterworth Science Publications, 1 London, 1985. 2 Holmaan J P, “Heat Transfer “, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2000.

43

AUTOMOTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS

3

1

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

8

Basics of controls systems –different types , PID controller, ft sliding model control design and analysis

UNIT II

ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEMS

10

Introduction –lambda control – engine model for lambda control- lambda control circuitadaptive lambda control- Idle speed control – use of state space control –knock control- knock sensors adaptive knock control

UNIT III

DRIVE LINE CONTROL 10 Goals of drive line control- Basic drive line equation-modeling neutral gear- state space formulation controller formulation-speed control with active damping –simulations Driveline control for gear shifting -Influence of sensor locations –transmission torque control design UNIT IV VEHICLE PARAMETERS AND STATES 7

Identification of vehicle parameters- Vehicle velocity estimation using Kalman filtersyaw rate estimation- approximation of vehicle parameters-vehicle body sideslip angle observerdetermination of road gradient. UNIT V VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM 10

ABS control systems –control of yaw dynamics- road and driver model control – PID driver model and hybid driver model. LECTURE : 45

TOTAL

:

45

TEXT BOOKS 1 2 UWE Kiencke , Lars Nielsen: Automotive control systems Springer- Springer-Verlag Tom Weathers, Claud C. Hunter: Automotive computers and controls , Published by Prentice-Hall, 1984

REFERENCE BOOKS Hemann Kopetz, Technische Universität Wien A Solution to an Automotive Control System 1 Benchmark, Published by Institut für Technische Informatik, Technische Universität Wein, 1994 2

44

VEHICLE BODY ENGINEERING

3

1

0

100

UNIT I VEHICLE AERODYNAMICS 10 Vehicle drag and types – various types of forces and moments – effectsof forces and moments – side wind- various body optimization techniques for minimum drag –wind tunnel testing – scale model testing – component balance to measure forces and moments. UNIT II CAR AND BUS BODY DETAILS 10 Types, Regulations, drivers visibility, tests for visibility, methods for improving visibility and space in cars. Types of bus bodies , Mini bus, single decker, double decker, two level, split level and articulated bus, bus body layout, floor height, engine location, entrance and exit locations, seating dimensions, constructional details, frame construction, double skin construction, types of metal sections used, regulations, conventional and integral type construction. UNIT III COMMERCIAL VEHICLE BODIES 7 Types of body, flat platform, drop side, fixed side, tipper body, tanker body, light commercial vehicle body types, dimensions of drivers seat in relation to control, drivers cab design, UNIT IV BODY LOADS 7 Idealized structure, structural surface, shear panel method, symmetric and asymmetric vertical loads in a car, longitudinal load, different loading situations, chassis frame design. DESIGN AND SAFETY AND FATIGUE ASPECTS & BODY MATERIAL , 11 TRIM AND MECHANISMS DESIGN AND SAFETY AND FATIGUE ASPECTS: Design of body, forces in roll over, head on impact, plastic collapse and analysis, fatigue and vibration, test on box sections, structural vibration. Gravimetric analysis, design for press working, design for spot welding, adhesives and sealants, goods vehicle structure design, chassis frame configuration, structural properties of chassis frame members. UNIT V

BODY MATERIAL , TRIM AND MECHANISMS: Sheet metal, plastic, GRP and their material properties-corrosion-anticorrosion methods-selection of paints and painting processesbody trim items and mechanisms
LECTURE : 45

TOTAL TEXT BOOKS 1 2 Sydney F. Page, “Body Engineering”, Chapman & Hill Ltd., London, 3rd Edition . J Fairbrother, “Fundamentals of Vehicle Body work”, Hutchinson, London.

:

45

REFERENCE BOOK 1 P.M. Heldt, “Automotive Chassis”, Chilton Co. NK 2 3 4 . John Fenton, “Vehicle Body Layout & Analysis”, Hutchinson, London. J Powloski, “Vehicle Body Engineering”, Business Books Ltd., London. J.G. Giles, “Body Construction and Design”, Vol. 6., llefe Books/Butterworth & Co. London

45

INTELLIGENT VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY

3

1

0

100

UNIT I DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSYTEMS 11 Introduction, driver support systems – driver information, driver perception, driver convenience, driver monitoring. Vehicle support systems – general vehicle control, collision avoidance, vehicle status monitoring. UNIT II TELEMATICS 8

Global positioning systems, geographical information systems, navigation systems, automotive vision system, road recognition, driver assistance systems. UNIT III SAFETY SYSTEMS & SECURITY SYSTEMS 10

SAFETY SYSTEMS : Airbags, seat belt tightening system, collision warning systems, child lock, anti lock braking systems. SECURITY SYSTEMS: Anti theft technologies, smart card system, number plate coding. UNIT IV COMFORT SYSTEMS 8

Active suspension systems, requirement and characteristics, different types, power steering, collapsible and tiltable steering column, power windows. UNIT V ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS 8

Adaptive cruise control, adaptive noise control, anti spin regulation, traction control systems, cylinder cut- off technology. LECTURE : 45

TOTAL

:

45

TEXT BOOKS Ljubo Vlacic, Michel Parent and Fumio Harashima, “Intelligent Vehicle Technologies”, 1 Butterworth-Heinemann publications, Oxford, 2001. Ronald K Jurgen, “Navigation and Intelligent Transportation Systems – Progress in 2 Technology”, Automotive Electronics Series, SAE, USA, 1998. REFERENCE BOOKS William B Riddens, “Understanding Automotive Electronics”, 5th edition, Butter worth 1 Heinemann Woburn,1998. 2 Bechhold, “Understanding Automotive Electronics”, SAE, 1998. 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Robert Bosch, “Automotive Hand Book”, 5th Edition, SAE, 2000. Patent No. 20070284869, Automotive passenger restraint and protection apparatus Patent No. 20080011732, Passenger seat having occupant detector for automotive vehicle Patent No. 20070273166, System for detecting objects colliding with automotive vehicle. Patent No. 20070261311, Linear motor-actuated automotive power windows. Patent No. 20080020723, Antenna system for remote control automotive application. Patent No. 20070283539, Safety strap buckle, in particular for automotive child safety seats

46

COMPOSITE MATERIALS
(Common for Mechanical and Automobile Engineering

3

0

0

100

UNIT I

INTRODUCTION

9

Definition – Classification of Composite materials based on structure – based on matrix. Advantages of composites – application of composites – functional requirements of reinforcement and matrix. Reinforcement types – Fibres – continuous, particulate and whisker reinforcements – Properties Applications – Comparison of fibre strengths –. Matrix materials – Properties. Wettability fibre with matrix – Effect of surface roughness – Interfacial bonding

UNIT II

REINFORCEMENTS AND MATRICES

9

Different types of fibers - Manufacturing , properties and applications of glass fibers, carbon fibers, Kevlar fibers. Thermoset and thermoplastic matrices - properties of polyester, epoxy and nylon matrices , polypropylene and PEEK matrices

UNIT III

MANUFACTURING OF COMPOSITES

9

Polymer matrix composites: Preparation of Moulding compounds and pre-pregs – hand lay up method – Autoclave method – Filament winding method – Compression moulding – Reaction injection moulding.

UNIT IV

MECHANICS OF LAMINATED COMPOSITES

9

Stress-strain relationship for anisotropic and orthotropic materials - Rule of Mixtures - invariant properties of orthotropic laminates – strength of an orthotropic lamina - failure criteria of orthoptropic lamina - macro mechanical behavior of laminates - classical laminate theory - inter laminar stresses.

UNIT V

COMPOSITE STRUCTURES

9

Fatigue – S-N curves – Fatigue behaviors of CMCs – Fatigue of particle and whisker reinforced composites – Hybrid composites – Thermal fatigue. Introduction to structures - selection of material, manufacturing and laminate configuration - design of joints - bonded joints - bolted joints - bonded and bolted – laminate optimization.

LECTURE : TUTORIAL : TOTAL :

45 45

47

REFERENCES: 1 2 3 4 5 6 . Mallick, P.K., “Fiber Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing and Design”, Third Edition, Marcel Dekker Inc, 2007. Agarwal, B.D., and Broutman L.J., “Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites”, John Wiley and Sons, 2006. Autar K. Kaw, “Mechanics of Composite Materials” CRC Press, 2006 Robert M. Jones, “Mechanics of Composite Materials” Taylor and Francis, 1999 Chawla K.K Composite Materials: Science and Engineering., Springer – Verlag, 2008 Ronald Gibson, “Principles of Composite Material Mechanics", Tata McGraw Hill, 2007.

48

TWO AND THREE WHEELERS

3

1

0

100

THE POWER UNIT 13 Two stroke SI engine, merits and demerits, symmetrical and unsymmetrical port timing diagrams, types of scavenging processes, merits and demerits, scavenging efficiency, scavenging pumps. Rotary valve engine, fuel system, lubrication system, magneto coil and battery coil spark ignition system, electronic ignition system, variable timing ignition system (VTI), starting system, kick starter system. CHASIS AND SUB-SYSTEMS 11 Main frame, its types, chassis, shaft drive and chain drive, single, multiple and centrifugal clutches, gear box and gear controls, front and rear suspension systems, shock absorbers. Panel meters and controls on handle bar. BRAKES AND WHEELS 8 Drum brakes, disc brakes, front and rear brake links layouts, spokes wheel, cast wheel, disc wheel, disc tires and tubes and its types, alloy wheels. UNIT IV TWO WHEELERS 7 UNIT III UNIT II

UNIT I

Case study of major Indian models of major motor cycles, scooters, scooterettes and mopeds. Servicing and maintenance THREE WHEELERS 6 Case study of Indian models. Front mounted engine and rear mounted engine types. Auto rickshaws, Pick up van, Delivery van and Trailer, Bijili electric vehicle. LECTURE : 45 UNIT V

TOTAL

:

45

TEXT BOOKS 1 Irving P E, “Motor cycle engineering”, Temple Press Book, London, 1992. REFERENCE BOOKS 1 “The cycle Motor Manual”, Temple Press Ltd, 1990. “Encyclopedia of Motor cycling - 20 Volumes”, Marshall Cavensih, New York and London, 2 1989. 3 Raymond Board, Lambretta- “A practical guide to maintenance and repair”. 1987

49

OFF ROAD VEHICLES

3

1

0

100

UNIT I CRANES & COMPACTION VEHICLES 9 CRANES: General description, specifications and functions, excavator mounted cranes, mobile cranes with strut and cantilever type jibs, tractor towed and tractor mounted cranes. COMPACTION VEHICLES: General description, specification and functions, smooth wheeled rollers, pneumatic tired rollers, agricultural Rollers, sheep’s foot rollers; vibrating compactors. UNIT II EXCAVATORS & GRADERS 12 EXCAVATORS: General description, specification and functions, classification based on attachments, face shovel, drag shovel, hoe, drag-line and grab or clam shell, advantages and limitations. GRADERS: Description, specification of tractor towed graders and motor graders, classification and functions of graders, functional details of spreading, mixing, ditching, bank sloping, snow removal, stripping, scarifying, and finishing, elementary details of transmission system (coupling, clutches, gear box, driving axles, propeller shafts), running gear and operating equipment air braking system; hydraulic system and its components, steering system of lights, medium and heavy graders, merits and limitations of graders. UNIT III HAULAGE VEHICLES & LIFT TRUCKS 9 HAULAGE VEHICLES: General description, specification and functions, self-propelled and tractor towed haulage vehicles and pneumatic – tires, dumpers – front tipping; trucks – rear tipping, tractor towed semi-trailers and trailers (rear and side tipping, bottom dumping). LIFT TRUCKS: General description, specification and functions, fork lift trucks, alternative front end equipment (attachments) – jib arm, shovel bucket, squeeze clamp, boom, fork extensions, barrel forks. Scissors lift trucks - applications in industry, advantages and disadvantages. UNIT IV ROOTERS AND SCARIFIERS & SCRAPERS 7 ROOTERS AND SCARIFIERS: General description, specification and functions, tractor towed rooters and scarifiers {heavy duty (roller)/ light duty (grader)} back rippers for bull and angle dozers. SCRAPERS: General description, specification and functions, tractor towed and motorized scrapers, scraper work in cutting, cambering, side hill cutting, spreading on embankments, compaction of fill merits and demerits. UNIT V TRACTORS & OTHER SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES 8 TRACTORS: General description, specification and functions, light, medium and heavy wheeled tractors, crawler tracks mounted / wheeled-bull dozers, tilt dozers and angle dozers, front end loaders, factors affecting efficiency of output of tractors, simple problems, merits and demerits. OTHER SPECIAL PURPOSE VEHICLES: General description, specification and functions, Ambulance, Oil tankers surveillance vehicle, Television recording Mobile ,Reefer vehicle , Double Decker bus, Vestibule bus, Fire fighting vehicle. LECTURE : 45 TOTAL TEXT BOOKS 1 Wong J Y, “Theory of Ground Vehicles”,John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1978. Ian Andrew Norman, “Heavy Duty Vehicle systems”, third edition, Delmar-Thomson 2 Learning ltd. REFERENCE BOOKS 1 Her Majesty’s Stationery, “Military Engineering – Volume 26”. 2 Roninson E G, “Motor Graders”, MIR Publications, Moscow – 1985. 3 Heinz Heisler, “Vehicle and Engine Technology” second edition, SAE-1999, USA. 4 Rodhiev and rodhiev, “Tractors and Automobiles” MIR Publishers, Moscow, 1984. 5 Greenwich and Soreking, “Tractors“, MIR Publishers, Moscow-1967 : 45

50

UNCONVENTIONAL ENGINES AND HYBRID VEHICLES

STIRILING ENGINE Working Principle, two piston engine, control system, fuel requirement, emissions, merits and demerits, applications. UNIT II WANKEL ENGINE & VARIABLE COMPRESSION RATIO ENGINE WANKEL ENGINE: Special features, construction and working, engine sealing, lubrication and cooling, fuel requirement and combustion, performance, emissions, merits and demerits, applications.

UNIT I

VARIABLE COMPRESSION RATIO ENGINE: Necessity, theoretical analysis, different methods.
FREE PISTON ENGINE Different types, construction and working, stability and speed of pistons, performance, merits and demerits, applications. UNIT IV ELECTRIC & HYBRID VEHICLES Layout of an electric vehicle, advantage and limitations, specifications, system components, electronic control system, high energy and power density batteries, hybrid vehicle – types, merits and demerits. UNIT V FUEL CELLS & SOLAR CARS Fuel cell, construction, working, equations, possible fuel sources, fuel reformer, design. Solar cars- photovoltaic cells, tracking, efficiency and cost comparison. LECTURE UNIT III

TOTAL

TEXT BOOKS Mehrdad Ehsani, Yimin Gao, sebastien E. Gay and Ali Emadi, “Modern Electric, Hybrid 1 Electric and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals, Theory and Design”, CRS Press, 2004. Ron Hodkinson and John Fenton, “Light Weight Electric/Hybrid Vehicle Design”, Butterworth2 Heinemann, 2001. Mathur L and Sharma R P, “Internal Combustion Engines” Dhanpat Rai Publications (P), Ltd., 3 2002. 4 Keith owen and Trever Coley, “Automotive Fuels Reference Book”, SAE 1995.

51

REFERENCE BOOKS 1 “Alcohols as Motor Fuels” Progress in Technology, SAE 1980. 2 3 4 5 6 7 Ronald K Jurgen, “Electric and Hybrid – Electric Vehicles”, SAE, 2002. James Larminie and John Loury, “Electric Vehicle Technology-Explained”, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2003. Sandeep Dhameja, “Electric Vehicle Battery Systems”, Butterworth –Heinemann, 2002. Patent No. 20060250902, Plug-in hybrid vehicle with fast energy storage. US Patent No. 6135086 Internal combustion engine with adjustable compression ratio and knock control. Patent No. 20070275274, Method of calculating fuel concentration in direct methanol fuel cell

52

AUTOMOTIVE INSTRUMENTATION

3

1

0

100

INTRODUCTION 11 Transducers, types, thermistor, LVDT, inductive pickup, capacitance, strain gauges, semiconductors, photocells, piezoelectric accelerometer, proximity sensors, micro switches, encoders, piezo electric pressure sensors, instruments, ammeter, voltmeter, odometer, speedometer, fuel level indicator, pressure gauge, vacuum gauge, analog and digital, calibration, cathode ray oscilloscope, study of microprocessors 8085, micro controller, PLC. AMPLIFIERS 11 Small signal amplifier, general principle of operation, classification, RC coupled amplifiers, gain frequency response, input and output impedance calculations, transformer coupled amplifier, equivalent circuit at low, medium and high frequencies, analysis and frequency response. amplifiers and indicators, recorders, signal conditioning and filtering ENGINE ANALYZER 11 Wheel alignment gauges, laser alignment, exhaust gas analyzer, emission norm standards, flasher instrumentations, wheel balancing, calibrations, accelerometer, dynamometer, starter motor, dynamometer calibrations, fuel ignition calibration, ignition timer calibration, stroboscope, tacho generator, tyre air pressure instrument, head light alignment, head light intensity study, smoke meter, macro inspection of interior parts using fiber optics. UNIT IV NOISE AND VIBRATION 7 UNIT III UNIT II

UNIT I

Sound level meters, acoustic measurement, FFT analyzer, anechoic chamber, varechoic chamber, sound level measurements, NVH standards. UNIT V TORQUE AND FORCE MEASUREMENTS Torque measuring instruments, dynamometers LECTURE : 5 45

TOTAL

:

45

TEXT BOOKS Beakwith T G and Buck N L “Mechanical Measurements “ Wesley publishing company 1 limited, USA, 1995. Ernest O Doebelin “Measurement systems – Application and Design “McGraw hill 2 publishing company, 1990. REFERENCE BOOKS Peter Elgan “Sensors for Measurements and control “,2nd edition, Pearson Education 1 Limited, England, 2001. 2 Longman TecQuipment manual. Patent No. 20070261482, In-cylinder pressure detection device and method for internal 3 combustion engine, and engine control unit.

53

SENSORS AND ACTUATORS

3

1

0

100

UNIT I INTRODUCTION 11 Measurement Principles: Basic Considerations about Sensing: Basic Considerations and Definitions-Classification of Sensor-Input Signals-Signal Conversion and Signal Extraction (Signal Path)- signal processing Sensor Output Signals UNIT II CLASSIFICATION OF SENSORS ANSD ACTUATORS 11 Magnetic Sensors - Linear and Latching Solenoid Actuators- Stepper Motors- Special Magnetic Devices. Proximity sensors-LVDT-Pressure sensors-RTD-Thermistors- Applications of different types of sensors. UNIT III LINEAR ACTUATORS 11 Mathematical Model for Linear Actuators- Fast-Acting Actuators- Applications of Solenoid Actuators-Latching Relays- Latching Solenoids- Dynamics of Latching Relays -Latching Solenoids with Moving and with Stationary Magnets -Latching Solenoid Applications UNIT IV STEPPER MOTORS 7 Principles of Operation- Static Analysis of Stepper Motor- Static Torque Analysis - MagneticCircuit Analysis -dynamic Analysis of Stepper Motor- Math Model of the Dynamic OperationStepper Motor Dynamic Simulation- Effects of Various Parameters on Stepper Motor Performance- Effects of Various Parameters on Stepper Motor Performance- Magnetic-Circuit Calculations- Static Torque Calculations- Magnetic Flux Calculations APPLICATIONS OF SENSORS: 5 Accelerometers for Automotive Applications-Yaw-Rate Sensors-Pressure SensorsMass-Flow Sensors-Wheel-Speed Sensors-Force and Torque Sensors-Light Sensors- rainsensor-chemical sensors for oxygen and emission control –Tire pressure sensor LECTURE : 45 0 45 UNIT V

TUTORIAL : TOTAL :

TEXT BOOKS Robert G Seippel, “Transducers, Sensors and Detectors”, Reston Publishing Company, 1 USA, 1983. REFERENCE BOOKS Poebelin, E O, “Measurement Systems, Application and Design” , McGraw Hill, Fifth 1 Edition, 2004 Jack P Holman, “Experimental Methods for Engineers”, Seventh Edition, McGraw Hill, USA, 2 2001 3 R Sinclair, “Sensors and Transducers”, Third Edition, Newnes publishers, 2001.

54

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