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Sales & Distribution



 Types of taxes

Tax on sales,called sales tax will be levied on every sales transaction. Additional taxes

 Tax payment

Taxes are sometimes applicable at National level or they are levied at local level when goods are sold. National level tax is generally levied in most of the European countries Tax at local level – Sales tax in US is an example of this. The local tax authorities can exist at state level, county level, or town level. To calculate tax at each level, it is processed using a tax jurisdiction code in addition to the tax code.

 Taxes calculation
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With Tax Jurisdiction Without Tax Jurisdiction

For a country, one of these options is possible.  Tax calculation with tax jurisdiction

  

Tax Jurisdiction is a key which together with tax code determines tax amount and the way payment of tax is divided among tax authorities as per local tax structure. Example – US Sales tax Pricing procedure in SD is RVCXUS Tax calculation procedure in FI is TAXUSX

 SAP provides interface with software products like Vertex, which calculate tax % at different region levels  In RVCXUS, condition types UTXJ and XR1 to XR6 are created to map US location level taxes.  UTXJ in a sales document gives tax code. Jurisdiction codes for delivering location are taken from plant definition and for delivered location from ship-to party master. When this data is passed on to external tax system then it returns SAP with tax rates at different levels(XR1 to XR6)

 Tax calculation without tax jurisdiction

This would be based on tax condition records with tax rates picked from the FI tax code. example – MWST

 Important steps in SD
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Create Tax condition types for applicable taxes List tax condition types for each country Create Country-State-County-City structure as per tax structure in the country Maintain tax classification for material and customer Tax classification can represent tax rate structure like regular tax or half rate tax or exempt from tax as applicable for the material / customer. This tax classification is entered in material and customer master so that it can be used as criteria in tax condition records

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