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2012
Grade 10 Film Media

Research, design and create a film short which contains no spoken dialogue.

Greg Frey ISZL 3/30/2012

Greg Frey

CONTENTS
Criterion A: Investigation ........................................................................................................................... 4 Camera Angle and Shot Research: ....................................................................................................... 4 Film Shooting and Editing Research: ................................................................................................... 5 Short Film Analysis: ................................................................................................................................ 6 Denotation: ............................................................................................................................................. 6 Connotation: ........................................................................................................................................... 6 Evaluation Of Research .......................................................................................................................... 7 Objectives: ............................................................................................................................................... 7 Testing Plan: ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Objective Number ................................................................................................................................ 7 Objective ............................................................................................................................................... 7 Reasons ................................................................................................................................................ 7 Expected outcome ............................................................................................................................... 7 Notes ..................................................................................................................................................... 7 Works Cited: ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Criterion B: Design ..................................................................................................................................... 9 Possible Solution 1: ................................................................................................................................ 9 Setup: ..................................................................................................................................................... 9 Conflict: .................................................................................................................................................. 9 Resolution: ............................................................................................................................................. 9 Possible Solution 2: ................................................................................................................................ 9 Title: ....................................................................................................................................................... 9 Setup: ..................................................................................................................................................... 9 Conflict: .................................................................................................................................................. 9 Resolution: ............................................................................................................................................. 9 Possible Solution 3: ................................................................................................................................ 9 Title: ....................................................................................................................................................... 9 Setup: ..................................................................................................................................................... 9 Conflict: .................................................................................................................................................. 9 Resolution: ............................................................................................................................................. 9 Story Board 1: ........................................................................................................................................ 10 Meeting objectives: .............................................................................................................................. 10 Story Board 2: ........................................................................................................................................ 11 Meeting objectives: .............................................................................................................................. 11

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Justification of Choice: ......................................................................................................................... 11 Criterion C: Plan ........................................................................................................................................ 14 Chosen Group Screenplay ................................................................................................................... 14 Decomposition: ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Group Gantt Chart: ................................................................................................................................ 19 Filming Resources: ............................................................................................................................... 19 Editing Resources: ................................................................................................................................ 19 Evaluation of Plan ................................................................................................................................. 20 Criterion E: Evaluation ............................................................................................................................. 20 Test Number ....................................................................................................................................... 20 Description of Test ............................................................................................................................ 20 Reasons .............................................................................................................................................. 20 Expected outcome ............................................................................................................................. 20 Actual Outcome ................................................................................................................................. 20 Audience Feedback ............................................................................................................................... 21 Suggestions for Improvement ............................................................................................................. 22 Likely Impact on Life, Society and the Environment ......................................................................... 22 Personal Evaluation .............................................................................................................................. 22

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CRITERION A: INVESTIGATION
My task is to create a short film in order to demonstrate my ability with the software Sony Vegas, using camera equipment and audio recording equipment, for example a boom and a tripod camera. I should also learn about editing films and making them as enjoyable and professional as possible. We have only one limitation with our short film; it must not contain spoken dialogue, this makes sure that we are focusing more on the film editing that the story line. Films have become a large part of the world we live in, they can be found anywhere in different sizes and forms, including the media, cinemas and our televisions. They have a very large effect and can be very influential on the world and people’s perception of it. Films can be a great source for propaganda, general information and entertainment. This is why it’s important that we learn about what goes into creating a decent film and how it can be done.

C AMERA ANGLE AND SHOT RESEARCH:
Shot sizes: There are a number of shot sizes these include XLS (extra long shot), LS (long shot), MLS (middle long shot), MS (middle shot), MCU (middle close up), CU (close up), BCU (big close up), XCU (extra close up).

Shot Angles: Low angle shot is from a low angle, an eyelevel shot is taken when the camera is at eye level. A high angle shot is from above the object. A worms eye view is a shot taken from the perspective of something very low down. A canted shot is a shot with a twisted angle, finally a birds eye shot is from above the object.

Camera and Lens Movement: Pan left and pan right, is moving the camera both to the left and right of the object (around). Crab left and Crab right Is keeping the camera angle the same, but moving it on a straight line either left or right. Track out and track in, is simply moving the camera on a straight line closer and further away from the target.

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Zoom out and in is similar but utilizes the lens on the camera. Ped up and ped down, is simply moving up and down the character. Tilt up and tilt down is when the camera remains in the same place but is tilted up and down the object being filmed.

FILM SHOOTING AND EDITING RESEARCH:
In order to become more acquainted with the art of shooting a film, we recreated the opening scene of Bladerunner. We looked at recording with a camera, using a tri-pod to keep it steady and still. We also practiced using a boom and recording audio.

To edit it we are using Sony’s Vegas Studio

When opening the software it was important to input the correct information, for example: We are in Europe, and video setting is 1920x1080 and we saved it in our folders. Keyboard Controls Enter S U Start / Stop Split Unlink the audio Operation

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SHORT FILM ANALYSIS:
The Black Hole:

The black hole is a short piece of film media, without the use of dialogue the producer manages to portray an interesting and exciting short film. The setup begins with the actor standing over a copying machine, the conflict arrives when the actor discovers a black whole piece of paper, the plot remains unresolved as his greed results in his entrapment in a safe. The director makes use of: Worm eye view shots Interesting audio choice, changes in sound to add effect Interesting and enthralling story line Relevant morale message

DENOTATION:
Office worker using the copying machine. Discovers the black hole allowing him to reach through things. Breaks into office and attempts to steal the money from the safe. Becomes trapped.

CONNOTATION:
The office worker isn’t happy with his job and is probably working late. The office workers greed caused him to suffer.

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EVALUATION OF RESEARCH
My research will help me create my product in a number of different ways, even though i’m neither a cameraman or the director my research on camera angles and shots allows me to add positive feedback to my group and have some say in the way in which it will be shot and the camera angles that I would prefer for my final cut. The tape analysis also serves its purpose in a similar way, it gave me a template and some examples of shots which will help me when it comes to both shooting and editing my final movie.

OBJECTIVES:
1. Create a film that lasts longer than 4 minutes 2. My film should contain a clearly defined structure with a setup, conflict and resolution 3. My film will have smooth transitions 4. It should feature at least 3 different shot angles of the same scene. 5. My film should appeal to a specific target audience

TESTING PLAN:
OBJECTIVE OBJECTIVE NUMBER REASONS EXPECTED
OUTCOME

NOTES

1.

Create a film that lasts longer than 4 minutes

To ensure that my film contains enough content

I expect my film to last longer than 4 minutes

2.

My film should contain a clearly defined structure with a setup, conflict and resolution

This set of guidelines will help me make sure my film is structured.

I expect to complete my film successfully enough that it will contain a clearly defined structure with a setup, conflict and resolution (in any particular order)

3.

My film will have smooth transitions

This will make my film look more professional and more enjoyable to watch.

My film will contain smooth transitions

4.

It should feature at least

This will have a

My film will be shot

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3 different shot angles of the same scene.

similar effect as my third objective, making the film more professional and keeping it interesting to watch.

in such a dynamic way that I will be able to edit 3 different shot angles of the same scene.

5.

My film should appeal to a specific target audience

This will make my film much more interesting to watch for the people it will be displayed to.

I will decide on a target audience as I write my screen play. Then ensure that my film appeals to that audience.

WORKS CITED:
The Black Hole. Future Shorts. Online. "Camera Angles." Media College - Video, Audio and Multimedia Resources. Web. 07 Feb. 2012. <http://www.mediacollege.com/video/camera/angles/>. Digital image. Web. 7 Feb. 2012.

<http://snapproductions.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/46638771.jpg>.

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CRITERION B: DESIGN
POSSIBLE SOLUTION 1:
T ITLE :
The ocean, the school and the locker

SETUP:
Kid is in school

CONFLICT:
He goes to his locker to see that is bottomless

RESOLUTION:
He climbs in and falls into an ocean.

POSSIBLE SOLUTION 2:
TITLE:
The sad life of billionaire

SETUP:
Billionaire has spent all his life working hard and making money, constantly focused on work.

CONFLICT:
Realizes that he’s not happy with his life and has had the wrong priorities in life

RESOLUTION:
Decides to turn his life around and focus on his family

POSSIBLE SOLUTION 3:
TITLE:
The effects of bullying

SETUP:
Boy is in school

CONFLICT:
Boy gets bullied loads and is severely depressed

RESOLUTION:
Talks to a teacher and resolves the problem

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STORY BOARD 1:
MEETING OBJECTIVES :
The first objective is hard to gauge whether it will be met, as it is measured in time. If I was to guess I don’t think it would be met by my first storyboard, as it is relatively short and probably less than 4 minutes. The second objective would be met well as the storyboard was written around a guide based on the narrative structure. It isn’t easy to say how well my transitions will be implemented from my storyboard, making my third criteria harder to judge. The fourth objective is met well as the individual scenes do show different camera angles. My film will hopefully appeal to students, making them my target audience.

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STORY BOARD 2:
MEETING OBJECTIVES :
This idea will most likely meet my first objective, as it is fairly detailed and has a number of different scenes, meaning it would most probably last longer than 4 minutes. It will also contain a significant narrative structure, as it has a clear setup, conflict and finally some sort of resolution. Both objectives 3 and 4 are difficult to judge as they will be defined by the way I choose to edit it, and the way the cameraman decides to shoot it. If this film was to be made, it would probably appeal to young people/ students in general.

JUSTIFICATION OF CHOICE:
For my screenplay submission, surprising I decided to choose my first screenplay, this might not be the obvious choice but I feel the story line is more interesting and it would be more interesting to try and shoot. Even though the second story board may meet my objectives in theory, I think it would be very easy to adapt my first one to suit them in a more interesting and enjoyable way. I also need to bear in mind why my classmates would decide to choose my screenplay and I think using the first storyboard would increase my chances a lot of it getting chosen. For these reasons and the lack of an interesting story in my second storyboard I have chosen the first to one to write my screenplay on.

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The Ocean, The School and The Locker Screenplay by Greg Frey

FADE IN

1

EXT. ISZL – AFTERNON

SLOW PAN. Riverside campus. CAMERA PANS THE OUTSIDE VEIW OF THE SCHOOL. Students are around. 2 INT. CLASSROOM – NEAR THE END OF CLASS

SLOW PAN. Students looking bored. CAMERA FOCUS’S ON MAIN ACTOR Actor 1 Looks bored, staring at the clock. CLOSE UP OF CLOCK TICKING TOWARDS THE HOUR. THE BELL RINGS. 3 INT. LOCKER HALLWAY – BETWEEN CLASSES

STEADY SHOT. Students cram around the hallway attempting to go to their lockers. Begins to settle. MID LONG SHOT. Main actor 1 walks down the corridor as it begins to empty. Actor 1 Walks towards locker and kneels to open it. CLOSE UP. Actor 1 opens his locker to hear a whooshing sound, quickly snapping it shut. Actor 1 Eyes wide with terror. MID LONG SHOT. Main actor 1 runs down an empty corridor back to his classroom.

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4

EXT. ISZL – MORNING

Similar pan as the first scene. 5 INT. LOCKER HALWAY – MORNING BEFORE CLASS

STEADY SHOT. Similarly to the day before students cram and rush to their lockers. CLOSE UP. Actor 1 walking nervously towards his locker. Actor 1 Look extremely intimidated by locker, but go up to it none the less. MID SHOT. Actor 1 waits for the locker hall to empty by his locker. Locker hall empties. Actor 1 Look extremely intimidated by locker, but go up to it none the less. Opens it. MID SHOT. Actor 1 opens the locker to the noise again. Actor 1 Peers slowly into the locker. CLOSE UP. Focus on actor 1’s face. SOUND builds with suspension MID SHOT. Film actor 1 falling into the locker. 6 GreenScreen. Ocean – NO TIME Actor 1 Swimming uncontrollably in an ocean filled with books and paper.

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CRITERION C: PLAN
CHOSEN GROUP SCREENPLAY
Hole of destiny shooting script as of February ## -beginEXT. LANDSCAPE- EARLY MORNING Looking out at the landscape with the view able to see the horizon, as the sun is coming music plays from an unknown source. EXT. LANDSCAPE-EARLY MORNING PERSON ONE and PERSON TWO enter the view from opposing sides with spades in hand Glaring at each other. Close-up of the grips on the spades tightening. Sounds from grip tightening EXT. DIG SITE- MORNING Camera slowly rises over person ones shoulder to look at PERSON TWO who is in focus. This then is repeated from person twos side close-up of PERSON ONE’S eyes that are glaring.

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EXT. DIG SITE-MORNING Both people dig side by side at a furious pace with their backs facing each other. With the noise of shovels being used. EXT. DIG SITE-MORNING Dirt sprays everywhere and is shown flying across the screen in different directions. It tinkers against spades EXT. DIG SITE-AFTERNOON The wholes twos being whole created is by person being one is up being by filled person up. ones

Person

also

filled

efforts. EXT. DIG SITE-AFTENOON Each hole is now filled PERSON 1 and 2 throw down their spades and slump in exhaustion They collapse on top of each other PERSON 1 gets up quickly, quizzically thinking PERSON 2 gazes expectantly.

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EXT. DIG SITE-MIDAFTENOON PERSON 1 and 2 argue over something, which is unknown. It soon becomes clear as plans for building a wheelbarrow come into view. PERSON 1 and 2 both contribute to the design PERSON 1 leaves with Person 2 now alone. PERSON 2 points to a component on the design Gets up And leaves EXT. DIG SITE-MIDAFTENOON As the view of the filled holes and lone shovels is seen PERSON 1 shows up and chucks a bunch of wood and metal materials on the ground with a thud. PERSON 2 shows up His materials clatter on top of PERSON 1s Both set to work sawing and hammering

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EXT. DIG SITE-LATE AFTENOON As the sun is starting to dip over the horizon A completed wheelbarrow stands amid the 2 holes that have now been completed Both people look satisfied with what they created and stand proudly Side by side, they turn to each other No one indicates anything of what they are thinking After a tense silence They break into smiles They both shake hands and turn to face the wheelbarrow They each grab one handle of the wheelbarrow They walk off towards the sun dipping over the horizon.

DECOMPOSITION:
1. Shoot scenes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 1.1. Film scene 1 of the sun coming up 1.1.1. Setup camera early in the morning 1.1.2. Position towards the horizon 1.1.3. Film sun coming up 1.2. Film scene 2 with the actors

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1.2.1. Film actors coming from either sides 1.2.2. Actors should glare at each other 1.2.3. Record the gripping sound of the shovels 1.3. Film scene 3 1.3.1. Actors should be facing each other 1.3.2. Film the actors face in focus over the other actors shoulder 1.4. Film scene 4 1.4.1. Actors should be with shovel in hand digging 1.4.2. Film the two furiously digging 1.4.3. Record the sound of the shovels being used 1.5. Film scene 5 1.5.1. Film dirt being thrown everywhere 1.5.2. Record the noise of the dirt hitting the spades 1.6. Film scene 6 1.6.1. Film the actors 1.6.2. 2. Add non-digetic sound for each scene

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GROUP GANTT CHART:

FILMING RESOURCES:
Shovel – This counts as a prop and will be used in the recording. This will be our main prop as the film is based on us digging. Wheelbarrow – This will be obtained with my acting partner, as we only need one between us; this is also part of the film. Green screen – We will only be using this as a group, depending on the directors decision we may need to use it.

EDITING RESOURCES:
Sony Vegas Editing software – This is necessary for my movie editing, it has a number of features that normal software doesn’t, including a film footage sequencer, transitions, effects and audio editing.

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Computer iMac – I will be using this to edit my final film. It is necessary as it has a fast processor, meaning it will be able to process large amounts of footage and a large screen, making editing a lot more efficient. Keyboard – This will be used to enter any numbers or titles in my editing stages Mouse – I need to use a mouse in order to navigate the software which I will be using.

EVALUATION OF PLAN
My initial decomposition wasn’t successful as my role in the film wasn’t directing, I hadn’t written the screenplay so it wasn’t clear what the best choice in order of the shots would be. We created a group Gantt chart based on a much better structured decomposition, this proved invaluable in our production stages, it gave us a general guideline within which we could swap things around and fit it to suit our purpose. We were quite careful to be finished with what was suggested in our Gantt chart at the end of each session. The resources list also proved to be very useful, it made clear which props and tools we would need (individually) and made each session start very smoothly as all the group members knew which tools to get and where.

CRITERION E: EVALUATION
TEST NUMBER DESCRIPTION OF TEST REASONS EXPECTED
OUTCOME

ACTUAL OUTCOME
There wasn’t enough time to create a film so long that it would last longer than 4 minutes after editing.

1.

My film should last longer than 4 minutes

To ensure that my film contains enough content

I expect my film to last longer than 4 minutes

2.

My film should contain a clearly defined structure with a setup, conflict and resolution

This set of guidelines will help me make sure my film is structured.

I expect to complete my film successfully enough that it will contain a clearly defined structure with a setup, conflict and resolution (in any particular order)

My film contained three main parts, this meant it met this objective

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3.

My film will have smooth transitions

This will make my film look more professional and more enjoyable to watch.

My film will contain smooth transitions

The transitions were smooth as all the cuts were of the same shot, so no transitions were out of place or jittery

4.

It should feature at least 3 different shot angles of the same scene.

This will have a similar effect as my third objective, making the film more professional and keeping it interesting to watch.

My film will be shot in such a dynamic way that I will be able to edit 3 different shot angles of the same scene.

My final film contained a number of shots, this meant I th achieved my 4 objective

5.

My film should appeal to a specific target audience

This will make my film much more interesting to watch for the people it will be displayed to.

I will decide on a target audience as I write my screen play. Then ensure that my film appeals to that audience.

My final piece was aimed at no specific target audience

AUDIENCE FEEDBACK
Elias: Kim: Well structured Music helps add to the dramatic affect The black and white gave an interesting and atmospheric affect Music was suitable and obvious thought was put into the type that was chosen The movie could have been longer, it would have made it more interesting

Mr. Carr: Keep in mind eye lines when both shooting and editing.

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SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT
I think if I were to do this project again, I would try and get more shots in; this would allow me to have created a better and longer final piece. I didn’t meet my first objective because of time constraints and a considerable amount of time spent learning to use the equipment and becoming comfortable with acting. Shooting more footage would have given me more to work with and a lot more freedom when it came to editing the film

LIKELY IMPACT ON LIFE, SOCIETY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
If my movie was shown to a large group of people, it is unlikely that it would have any affect at all on their lives, the society in which they live in or the environment. My film wasn’t intended to have any deep morale message, but if it did it would serve as a reminder that working together can accomplish a task much faster. If this message was clearer it would remind people of companionship and the importance of it.

PERSONAL EVALUATION
C RITERION A – I NVESTIGATE
In my investigate section I defined my goal and completed the research I needed to completed my goal. This research was very important as it saved time when it came to the create stages, it was also important that my goal was defined this gives me one clear objective that needed to be completed. I thought my tape analysis went well and proved to be quite useful as it gave me an idea of how long my film should be the format of my film and the pace at which the storyline evolves. If I was to do this stage again I would focus more time and thought on the objectives, these served to be much more important than previously thought.

C RITERION B - D ESIGN
I came up with three possible solutions for my previously defined goal, and then narrowed them down to two possible storyboards and finally choosing between these two to make one final screenplay. I did this, this way as it forced me to come up with new ideas even if they weren’t the first one that came to mind. Because I had done this it gave me a lot of opportunities to mix and alter my ideas when it came to the next stage (e.g. storyboard or screenplay), this was very helpful as it meant I wasn’t limited to my first idea.

C RITERION C – P LAN
The planning section was a chance for our group to plan our time; we had a limitation of 6 hours (and out of class time if needed) so it was important that this was done successfully. We had two sets of decomposition; I thought the group decomposition was the most effective. It was quite difficult to stick to our Gantt chart but it was useful nonetheless. Next time I would have more experience in using the equipment and working in a group, I would probably be able to gauge the time that each shot would take and be able to make a more accurate Gantt chart.

C RITERION D – C REATE
The create section of this process was possibly the most challenging and rewarding; in this phase we shot all the footage we would need to create our film. I thought there were times when it was slightly

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disorganized but this was inevitable as we all had very little experience, as we progressed and neared the end of our time restraints we all pulled together quite well and completed the necessary footage. I enjoyed this part of the process very much if I was to do it again, I would be sure to focus more initially and be as organized as possible, this would have allowed me to gain more footage, which would have helped me overall.

C RITERION E – E VALUATION
My evaluation served an important purpose for me as well; It gave me a chance to judge how successful I had been throughout the rest of my process. I think evaluations are important in the whole design cycle, it’s a chance for me to properly look at what I’ve made and critique myself, it’s a very introspective process and is necessary for improvement in the future. In this case specifically, my evaluation served no greater purpose than to help me next time I create a media piece, this was unfortunate and isn’t always the case with evaluations.

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