The Beginning of Arts in the Philippines

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The Beginning of Arts in the Philippines
Spanish Colonial Period
 When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521,
the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the
Catholic faith through beautiful images. With
communication as problem, the friars used images to
explain the concepts behind Catholicism, and to tell the
stories of Christ’s life and passion.
 Images of the Holy Family and the saints were
introduced to the Filipino psyche through carved santos,
the via crucis (Stations of the Cross), engravings on
estampitas, and through paintings on church walls.
 Early in the 19th century, with the opening of the Suez canal
in 1869 and the development of the agricultural export
economy, native indios acquired economic wealth and
became what was to be called the "ilustrados," meaning
enlightened and educated.

Arts in the Philippines
A. Painting
B. Dancing
C. Weaving
E. Pottery
F. Other arts
 Introduced by Spaniards during 16th century.
 Spaniards use paintings as religious propaganda.
 Water Color Painting
 Portrait Paintings
 Landscape Paintings

 During World War II, some painters focused their
artwork on the effects of war, including battle
scenes, destruction, and the suffering of the Filipino

 Types of Filipino dance
 Cordillera
 Muslim
 Tribal
 Rural
 Spanish style dances.
Cordillera Dance
 Banga
 Lumagen or Tachok
 Salisid
Tribal Dance
 Malakas at Maganda
 Kadl Blekah
 Binaylan
Traditional Filipino Dances
 Tinikling
▪ take two long bamboo sticks rapidly and in
rhythm, clap sticks for dancers to artistically
and daringly try to avoid getting their feet
caught between them
 Singkil
▪ In this dance, there are four bamboo sticks
arranged in a tic-tac-toe pattern in which
the dancers exploit every position of these
clashing sticks.
▪ is identifiable with the use of umbrellas and
silk clothing.


 Fabrics
 abaca
 Pineapple
 Cotton
 bark cloth
 Textiles, clothes, rugs, baskets and hats
 Nipis

 From the transitional carving of anitos to the santos
to Christ and down to the saints, Filipinos find it
rather not difficult as they are already familiar with
the ways of the wood.

 Clay/Mud
 ceramic jars
 water vessels
 Plates
 Cups

 Tanaga” is a type of Filipino poetry.
 “Kutkut” is an art technique used between the 15th
and 18th centuries.
 The technique was a combination of European and
Oriental style and process mastered by indigenous
tribes of Samar island.

Great Filipino painter

1. Damian Domingo “The First Great Filipino
AKA Damian Gabor Domingo “Father of Filipino
 1st Filipino to paint his face

 1st self-portrait in the Philippines
 Academia de Dibujo y Pintura
Date of Birth: 1796
Birthplace: Tondo, Manila, Philippines
Year of Death: 1834
2. Juan Luna “Ilocano Filipino Painter”
Political activist of the Philippine Revolution during
the late 19th century
 1st recognized Philippine artists
 His 1st tutor Don Lorenzo Guerero was so
impressed with his early works
 Don Lorenzo persuaded his parents to send
him to Spain to advance his skills
Date of Birth: October 23,1857
Birthplace: Badoc, Ilocos Norte, Philippines
Year of Death: December 7, 1899


Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo

National Artist of the Philippines for Painting
 He studied in the University of Santo Tomas
where his artistry was encouraged by Fr.
 He was simultaneously enrolled at the
Escuela de Dibujo y Pintura.
 When Juan Luna won the gold medal in the
1884 Madrid Exposition, a Filipino painter
shared with him the limelight by securing
the second place.
 His remains were brought to Manila, where
he now lies entombed in the Hidalgo family
mausoleum at the Cementerio del Norte.

Date of Birth: February 21, 1855
Birthplace: Binondo, Manila
Year of Death: March 1913


Fernando Amorsolo y Cueto

National Artist of the Philippines for Painting
 Excellent sketch artist as well as peerless
master of light and color.
 Signature technique. Backlight his object,
gently shading them with nuanced color
tones & haloing them with incandescent
golden glow.
 Most of his paintings portrayed the Filipino
culture, tradition, and customs like Filipino
 Became popular because of his illuminated
landscapes and his historical paintings on
which you can see the real reflection of a
Filipino soul.
Date of Birth: May 30, 1892
Birthplace: Calle Herran in Paco, Manila
Year of Death: April 26, 1972
5. Carlos V. Francisco aka Botong Francisco
2nd Filipino to receive the title of National Artist in
Painting in 1973
 One of the first Filipino modernist
 Francisco's art is a prime example of linear
painting where lines and contours appear
like cut outs.
 He single-handedly brought back the art of
mural painting in the Philippines
Date of Birth: November 4, 1912
Birthplace: Angono, Rizal

Year of Death: March 31, 1969


Jose Tanig Joya
National Artist in Visual Arts in 2003
 A painter and multimedia artist
 Known as an Abstract Expressionist
 He was the president of the Art Association
of the Philippines from 1962 to 1965 and
dean of the U.P. College of Fine Arts from
1970 to 1978.
Date of Birth: June 3, 1931
Birthplace: Manila, Philippines
Year of Death: March 31, 1996

Thank You And GOD
BLESS!!! ^.^

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