Course Information Spring 2008 HUSL 6304.001 American Popular Literature Wed. 12:30 – 3:15 JO 4.708
Professor Contact Information Prof. Erin Smith Office: Green 2.208 Phone: (972) 883-2338 e-mail: [email protected]
http://www.utdallas.edu/~erins Office Hours: Tues. 1 – 2:15 pm Wed. 3:30 – 5 p.m. And by appointment
Course Description This course is both a historical survey of American popular literature from the colonial period to the present and an introduction to the interdisciplinary study of reading, literacy, and history of the book. Historians of the book study texts as both sign systems and material artifacts. That is to say that a book’s meanings arise not only from the words on the page, but also from the contexts in which it is produced, distributed, and read. Consequently, we will read a variety of popular texts—Puritan Indian captivity narratives, novels of the early Republic, nineteenth-century women’s sentimental fiction, dime novels, pulp magazines, turn-of-the-century Westerns, and contemporary romances, horror, and Christian fiction—along side studies of the institutions that shaped their production and the readers for whom they were important. These texts offer clues to the preoccupations of ordinary people, ways of reconstructing popular world-views. What kind of “equipment for living” did these texts offer women and men, recent immigrants and the native-born, slaves and free, the rich and the working classes? Do ordinary readers uncritically consume these texts, or are they “resisting readers?” What is the relationship between popular texts and the institutions that produce, market, and distribute them? How do
changes in levels of education and religious beliefs influence popular literature? How do gender, race, and class shape what texts we read and how we make sense of them?
Student Learning Objectives/Outcomes 1. Students will be able to describe major genres of American popular literature and the major issues and questions in scholarship about them. 2. Students will be able to analyze and evaluate arguments made by scholars in the field. 3. Students will research and write a literary or literary historical argument about some aspect of American popular writing.
Required Textbooks and Materials Vaughan & Clark, ed., Puritans Among the Indians (1676-1724) Hannah Foster, The Coquette (1797) Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) Henry Louis Gates, ed., Classic Slave Narratives (1845, 1861) Horatio Alger, Ragged Dick (1866) Zane Grey, Riders of the Purple Sage (1912) Dashiell Hammett, The Maltese Falcon (1930) Stephen King, Carrie (1974) Tim Lahaye and Jerry B. Jenkins, Left Behind: A Novel of the Earth’s Last Days (1996) Harlequin romance novel Cathy Davidson, ed., Reading in America All texts except the Harlequin romance and Left Behind available at Off-Campus Books or the UTD bookstore Secondary readings available on e-reserve at http://utdallas.docutek.com/eres/coursepage.aspx?cid=382
Assignments & Academic Calendar Wed. 9 Jan. Intro. to Course / Books as Artifacts
Paradigms for Studying the "Popular" Wed. 16 Jan. Stuart Hall, “Cultural studies: two paradigms” in Media, Culture and Society 1980 (2): 57-72 (e-reserve). Stuart Hall, "Notes on Deconstructing 'the Popular'" in People's History and Socialist Theory, ed. Raphael Samuel (Boston: Routledge, 1981): 227-39 (e-reserve). Fredric Jameson, "Reification and Utopia in Mass Culture," Social Text 1 (Winter 1979): 130-48 (e-reserve). Michael Denning, "The End of Mass Culture," International Labor and Working-Class History 37 (Spring 1990): 4-18 (e-reserve). Tony Bennett, "Introduction: Popular Culture and 'the turn to Gramsci'" in Popular Culture & Social Relations, eds. Tony Bennett, Colin Mercer & Janet Woollacott (Philadelphia: Open UP, 1986): xi-xix (e-reserve). On Popular Reading Wed. 23 Jan. Michel de Certeau, chap. 12, “Reading as Poaching” in Practice of Everyday Life, trans. Steven F. Rendall (Los Angeles: U of California P, 1984): 165-76 (e-reserve). Roger Chartier, chap. 1, "Communities of Readers" in The Order of Books (Stanford: Stanford UP, 1994): 1-23 (e-reserve). Robert Darnton, chap. 7, “Communication Networks” in The Forbidden Bestsellers of Pre-Revolutionary France (NY: Norton, 1995): 181-97 (e-reserve). Pierre Bourdieu, "The aristocracy of culture," Media, Culture & Society 2 (1980): 225-254 (e-reserve). Janice Radway, "The Book-of-the-Month Club and the General Reader: The Uses of 'Serious' Fiction," in Reading in America, 259-85.
Wed. 30 Jan. -- Captivity Narratives Puritans Among the Indians: Mary Rowlandson (29-75); Quentin Stockwell (77-91); Hannah Swarton (145-158); and Hannah Dustan (159-65)
David D. Hall, chap. 1, "The Uses of Literacy," in Worlds of Wonder, Days of Judgment (Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1989): 21-70 (e-reserve). E. Jennifer Monaghan, "Literacy Instruction and Gender in Colonial New England" in Reading in America, 53-81. Wed. 6 Feb. -- The Novel in the Early Republic Hannah Foster, The Coquette Cathy Davidson, chap. 3, "Ideology and Genre" (38-54) and chap. 4, "Literacy, Education and the Reader" (55-82) in Revolution and the Word (New York: Oxford UP, 1986) (e-reserve). Wed. 13 Feb. -- Slave Narratives Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (243-332) in Classic Slave Narratives Dana Nelson Salvino, "The Word in Black and White: Ideologies of Race and Literacy in Antebellum America" in Reading in America, 140156. Wed. 20 Feb. – Slave Narratives – ctd. Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (335-515) in Classic Slave Narratives Elizabeth McHenry, Introduction, “In Search of Black Readers” in Forgotten Readers: Recovering the Lost History of African American Literary Societies (Durham: Duke UP, 2002): 1-21 (e-reserve). Wed. 27 Feb. – Sentimental Fiction (*no student presentation) Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin (chap. 1-20)
Wed. 5 Mar. Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin (finish) Jane P. Tompkins, "Sentimental Power: Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Politics of Literary History" in The New Feminist Criticism, ed. Elaine Showalter (NY: Pantheon, 1985): 81-104 (e-reserve).
Amy Kaplan, “Manifest Domesticity,” American Literature 70.3 (1988): 581-606 (e-reserve). Sicherman, Barbara, "Sense and Sensibility: A Case Study of Women's Reading in Late-Victorian America" in Reading in America, 201-225. Spring Break – no Class Wed. 12 Mar. Wed. 19 Mar. – Dime Novels / 3-page prospectus and bibliography due Horatio Alger, Ragged Dick Michael Denning, chap. 2, "Fiction Factories: The Production of Dime Novels" (17-26) and chap. 3, "'The Unknown Public': Dime Novels and Working Class Readers" (27-56) in Mechanic Accents (New York: Verso, 1987) (e-reserve). Marcus Klein, chap. 3, "The Imposters" in Easterns, Westerns, and Private Eyes (Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1994): 53-64 (e-reserve). Wed. 26 Mar. -- Westerns Zane Grey, Riders of the Purple Sage Marcus Klein, "The Westerner: Origins of the Myth" in Gender, Language, and Myth, ed. Glenwood Irons (Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1992): 65-82 (e-reserve). Jane Tompkins, "West of Everything," South Atlantic Quarterly 86.4 (fall 1987): 357-77 (e-reserve). Wed. 2 Apr. -- Hard-Boiled Detective Fiction Dashiell Hammett, The Maltese Falcon Erin Smith, chap. 2, “The Adman on the Shop Floor: Workers, Consumer Culture, and the Pulps” in Hard-Boiled: Working-Class Readers and Pulp Magazines (Temple UP, 2000): 43-73 (e-reserve). Wed. 9 Apr. -- Horror Stephen King, Carrie Carol Clover, “Her Body, Himself: Gender in the Slasher Film,” Representations 20 (fall 1987): 187-228 (e-reserve).
Wed. 16 Apr. – Christian Fiction Tim Lahaye and Jerry B. Jenkins, Left Behind Amy Johnson Frykholm, chap. 2, “Networks of Readers, Networks of Meaning” (39-66) and chap. 7, “Witness to the Apocalypse” (153-174) in Rapture Culture: Left Behind in Evangelical America (New York: Oxford UP, 2004) (e-reserve). Wed. 23 Apr. – Romances (*no student presentation) Harlequin romance Tania Modleski, chap. 2, "The Disappearing Act: Harlequin Romances" in Gender, Language and Myth, 20-45 (e-reserve). Janice Radway, chap. 4, "The Ideal Romance: The Promise of Patriarchy" in Reading the Romance (Chapel Hill: UNC P, 1991), 11957 (e-reserve).
Final Papers Due in my office by 4:00 on Wed. 7 May
Grading Policy COURSE REQUIREMENTS/EVALUATION CRITERIA: *seminar attendance, preparation and participation *class presentation (including 1-page handout of 4-6 questions for discussion) *Final Project *prospectus (3 pages) and bibliography due Wed. 19 Mar. *final paper (20 pages) due Wed. 7 May Course & Instructor Policies Attendance and participation -- You are expected to come to class prepared for discussion. Your participation includes not only expressing your own ideas, but also the respect and seriousness with which you treat the ideas of your colleagues. Presentation -- You and (maybe) a partner are responsible for getting discussion of the day’s primary and secondary reading started once during the semester. You should meet in advance and plan the background, issues, passages to examine closely, and questions you want to bring to the class. Your job is to give us an overview of what scholars have said about this in the past and to identify the central
questions/issues/concerns in that scholarship. Presentations will be (MAX) the first 10 minutes of class, although discussion of questions may run much longer. You will distribute to everyone a single hand-out you jointly produce with 4-6 questions for us to address at the start of class. 1. Look up the text in the MLA on-line bibliography. How many citations come up? Any patterns (lots of recent scholarship, lots of scholarship from the early 1980s and little since, etc.)? What kinds of journals are these articles/essays published in (feminist, AfricanAmerican, those focused on a particular genre or time period, bigname journals or smaller, specialized ones)? 2. Skim the titles of the citations. What are the 3-5 major themes/issues/questions scholarship on this book is concerned with? 3. Pick 3-4 of these articles that look interesting and read them. Mine them for insights to share in your presentation or to add to discussion of your questions. 4. Be sure to include questions that allow us to discuss the secondary reading assigned for that day, as well. Prospectus (3 pages plus bibliography) – detailed hand-out available on my website. Final Paper (20 pages of so plus bibliography) – detailed hand-out available on my website.
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